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Treaties and Conventions

Treaties and conventions place requirements on the U.S. that NRC helps to implement.

The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT): NRC's nuclear export licensing activities, our efforts to facilitate IAEA safeguards inspections at NRC-licenses facilities, and our bi-and multilateral assistance programs help satisfy U.S. obligations under the NPT.

U.S.-IAEA Safeguards Agreement ("Voluntary Offer"): A voluntary agreement requiring eligible facilities in the United States to report material accounting data on declared nuclear material and to submit to IAEA inspections. The Agreement was designed to show other nations that submitting to IAEA safeguards will not result in an economic disadvantage. For additional information please click here. For a brief article on the history of the U.S. Voluntary Offer click here.

Additional Protocol to the U.S.-IAEA Safeguards Agreement (AP): Requires strengthened IAEA reporting and access rights for eligible facilities. This treaty is designed to augment and strengthen the current safeguards agreement between the U.S and the IAEA. For additional information please click here.

The Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident and the Convention on Assistance in the Case of Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency: NRC is obliged to report significant accidents to the IAEA and affected countries via the U.S. Department of State. NRC helps the Department of State respond to requests for assistance in the event of foreign nuclear accidents or emergencies.

The Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material: NRC requires licensees to protect nuclear material during international transport.

The Convention on Nuclear Safety (CNS): NRC prepares a U.S. National Report every three years and names experienced technical managers to participate in peer review discussions. Most recently, the NRC issued the U.S. National Report for the Second CNS Extraordinary Meeting discussing lessons learned from the March 2011 accident at Fukushima.

The Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management: The Department of Energy, with the support and cooperation from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Environmental Protection Agency, and Department of State, prepares a U.S. National Report every three years. The NRC provides information about its waste and spent fuel management regulatory program and participates in the Joint Convention peer review meetings every three years.

For more information please follow these links to the IAEA:

Treaties, Conventions & Agreements under IAEA Auspices
Treaties, Conventions & Agreements Related to the IAEA's Work
Convention on Nuclear Safety and National Reports
Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management

Page Last Reviewed/Updated Thursday, March 31, 2016