Improvements to the RELAP5/MOD3 Reflood Model and Uncertainty Quantification of Reflood Peak Clad Temperature (NUREG/IA-0132, CAMP001)

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Publication Information

Date Published: October 1996

Prepared by:
Bub Dong Chung, Young Jin Lee, Chan Eok Park, Sang Yong Lee, KAERI
Young Seok Bang, Kwang Won Seul, Hho Jung Kim, KINS

Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute
P.O. Box 105
Yusung, Taejon
305-600 Korea

Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety
P.O. Box 16, Daeduck Danji
Taejon, 305-600 Korea

Prepared as part of:
The Agreement on Research Participation and Technical Exchange
under the International Thermal-Hydraulic Code Assessment
and Maintenance Program (CAMP)

Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research
U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission
Washington, DC 20555-0001

Availability Notice


Assessment of the original RELAP5/MOD3.1 code against the FLECHT SEASET series of experiments has identified some weaknesses of the reflood model, such as the lack of a quenching temperature model, the shortcoming of the Chen transition boiling model, and the incorrect prediction of droplet size and interfacial heat transfer. Also, high temperature spikes during the reflood calculation resulted in high steam flow oscillation and liquid carryover. An effort had been made to improve the code with respect to the above weakness, and the necessary model for the wall heat transfer package and the numerical scheme had been modified. Some important FLECHT-SEASET experiments were assessed using the improved version and standard version. The result from the improved RELAP5/MOD3.1 shows the weaknesses of RELAP5/MOD3.1 were much improved when compared to the standard MOD3.1 code. The prediction of void profile and cladding temperature agreed better with test data, especially for the gravity feed test. The scatter diagram of peak cladding temperatures (PCTs) is made from the comparison of all the calculated PCTs and the corresponding experimental values. The deviation between experimental and calculated PCTs were calculated for 2793 data points. The deviations are shown to be normally distributed, and used to quantify statistically the PCT uncertainty of the code. The upper limit of PCT uncertainty at 95% confidence level is evaluated to be about 99K.

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