Regulating Nuclear Fuel (NUREG/BR-0280, Revision 2)

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Date Published: January 2024


The nuclear fuel cycle covers the entire process of mining uranium, to turning it into fuel, to using it in a nuclear power plant to produce electricity, and finally, to disposing of "spent," or used nuclear fuel, in a special repository.

This booklet focuses on the responsibilities of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in the first part of the fuel cycle—the mining of uranium and its conversion and enrichment into a form that is used in a nuclear power plant to produce electricity.

Page Last Reviewed/Updated Thursday, February 01, 2024