Survey of Member Countries' Nuclear Power Plant Fire Protection Regulations by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) Fire Incidents Records Exchange (FIRE) Database Project – Topical Report No. 2 (NUREG/IA-0519, Revision 1)

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Publication Information

Manuscript Completed: September 2020
Date Published: September 2020

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA)
Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations (CSNI)
Paris, France

Nicholas B. Melly, NRC FIRE Database Representative
Thomas H. Aird, P.E., Editor
Mark Henry Salley, P.E., Project Manager

Division of Risk Analysis
Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research
U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission
Washington, DC 20555-0001

Availability Notice


Nations establish and authorize agencies with the responsibility to protect the health and safety of the public and the environment by licensing and regulating nuclear power plants (NPP). Fires have been shown to be a major risk to NPP safety. Fire protection regulations built on defense-in-depth principles have been established in each country to minimize this risk. The purpose of this report is to collect and share the fire protection regulations and strategies used in different countries to ensure reactor safety. The report is built by each member country assembling their major fire protection regulations with all the regulations translated in the common language of English. In addition, an international trend exists for regulations to evolve from prescriptive requirements to risk-informed performance-based requirements. This report includes that information where applicable. The completed report now provides a single reference where countries can review and contrast their NPP fire protection regulations with other member countries. Through international cooperation in projects such as this research effort, each member country may discover new insights and ideas for their NPP fire protection regulations.

Page Last Reviewed/Updated Tuesday, March 09, 2021