EA-96-479 - Vogtle 1 & 2 (Georgia Power Co.)

December 31, 1996

EA 96-479

Georgia Power Company
ATTN: Mr. C. K. McCoy
Vice President
Vogtle Electric Generating Plant
P. O. Box 1295
Birmingham, AL 35201

SUBJECT: NOTICE OF VIOLATION (NRC Inspection Report Nos. 50-424 and 50-425/96-11)

This refers to the inspection conducted during the period September 29 through November 9, 1996, at your Vogtle Electric Generating Plant (VEGP). The inspection included a review of the facts and circumstances surrounding installation deficiencies associated with certain safety-related motor coolers as well as the program for maintaining this equipment. The results of this inspection were discussed with members of your staff on November 12, 1996, and were formally transmitted to you by letter dated December 5, 1996. In addition, on November 27, 1996, you submitted Licensee Event Report No. 50-424/96-010 which addressed the inoperability of the Unit 1 safety injection pump B (1B SIP) due to degraded motor cooling. An open predecisional enforcement conference was conducted in the Region II office on December 19, 1996, with you and members of your staff to discuss the apparent violation, the root causes, and corrective actions to preclude recurrence. A list of conference attendees, a copy of your presentation materials, and NRC slides are enclosed.

Based on the information developed during the inspection and the information that was provided during the conference, the NRC has determined that violations of NRC requirements occurred. The violations are cited in the enclosed Notice of Violation (Notice), and the circumstances surrounding them are described in detail in the subject inspection report. Violation A involved the inoperability of the 1B SIP for a period greater than that allowed by Technical Specifications (TS) due to inadequate pump motor cooling. The inoperable condition existed from at least September 1991 when maintenance was last performed on the 1B SIP motor coolers and may have existed for some indeterminate period prior to that time. Specifically, during the period October 23-25, 1996, you determined that the cooling flow through the two motor coolers for this pump was degraded to approximately one-sixth of the normal flow. The condition was caused by improper installation of a gasket on the inboard motor cooler which blocked all flow in that cooler and improper installation of a plenum in the other motor cooler which reduced flow through it by two-thirds. In addition, your subsequent investigation identified similarly reversed plenums on a Unit 2 Train A containment spray pump motor cooler, a Unit 1 Auxiliary Component Cooling Water (ACCW) Pump 2 motor cooler, and both Unit 2 ACCW Pump 1 motor coolers.

Violation B involves your failure to establish adequate procedures for the disassembly and reassembly of the motor coolers during maintenance activities. Although some guidance was provided in the maintenance checklist to instruct personnel to re-install gaskets and plenums, the procedure was general and provided insufficient specific guidance or precautions regarding gasket or plenum orientation. The procedural deficiency was compounded by the lack of detailed information in the vendor manuals and a lack of knowledge on the part of plant personnel that the motor coolers were three-pass coolers instead of the assumed one-pass configuration.

Although the inoperability of the 1B SIP did not have a significant consequence to safety because it was not called upon to operate during this period, the violations are nonetheless of significant regulatory concern because an important emergency core cooling system (ECCS) component was inoperable for an extended period of time. Although your safety analysis indicates that the 1B SIP would have operated for approximately one-hour post-accident, it would have likely failed following that period due to motor bearing failure resulting in its unavailability for subsequent accident mitigation. The NRC also recognizes that the overall safety function was not lost in this case due to the availability of the 1A SIP. However, as you described at the conference, there were periods during the time in which the 1B SIP was inoperable that the 1A SIP was out of service for maintenance or testing; thus, the plant was operated for short periods of time in a condition which was prohibited by TS. Therefore, these violations are classified in the aggregate in accordance with the "General Statement of Policy and Procedures for NRC Enforcement Actions" (Enforcement Policy), NUREG-1600, as a Severity Level III problem.

In accordance with the Enforcement Policy, a base civil penalty in the amount of $50,000 is considered for a Severity Level III problem. Because your facility has been the subject of escalated enforcement action within the last two years the NRC considered whether credit was warranted for Identification and Corrective Action in accordance with the civil penalty assessment process described in Section VI.B.2 of the Enforcement Policy. The NRC concluded that credit was warranted for Identification because your staff identified the violations. The attentiveness and questioning attitude of the plant equipment operator responsible for identifying and pursuing temperature differences in the two motor coolers for the 1B SIP and the site engineer who identified the possibility of reversing the motor cooler plenums are particularly noteworthy. With regard to consideration for Corrective Action, at the conference you stated that your immediate and long term corrective actions included:

(1) proper installation of the gasket and plenum on the 1B SIP; (2) inspection and correction of other ECCS motor coolers for reversed plenums; (3) development of a plant procedure which provides detailed instruction for correct disassembly and reassembly of motor coolers and revision of the existing maintenance checklist to reference the new procedural requirements; (4) inspection and correction of ACCW motor coolers plenum installation deficiencies; (5) training of maintenance personnel scheduled in January 1997 and continuing as part of the Continuing Training Program; (6) establishment of concurrent, dual verification of gasket and plenum installation; and (7) initiation of a review to determine the appropriate methodology for periodic functional testing of heat exchangers. Based on the above, the NRC determined that your corrective actions were prompt and comprehensive, and credit was warranted for this factor.

Therefore, to encourage prompt identification and comprehensive corrective action for violations, I have been authorized, after consultation with the Office of Enforcement, not to propose a civil penalty in this case. However, significant violations in the future could result in a civil penalty.

You are required to respond to this letter and should follow the instructions specified in the enclosed Notice when preparing your response. In addition, at the conference you stated that efforts have been initiated to determine the appropriate functional testing criteria for heat exchangers. Due to the importance of this effort in assuring future operability of heat exchangers for safety-related equipment, we request that your response include a detailed description and proposed schedule for your actions in this regard. The NRC will consider your response, in part, to determine whether further enforcement action is necessary to ensure compliance with regulatory requirements.

In accordance with 10 CFR 2.790 of the NRC's "Rules of Practice," a copy of this letter, its enclosures, and your response will be placed in the NRC Public Document Room (PDR).

Sincerely, Original Signed by S. D. Ebneter Stewart D. Ebneter Regional Administrator

Docket Nos. 50-424, 50-425
License Nos. NPF-68, NPF-81

1. Notice of Violation
2. Conference Attendees
3. NRC Slides
4. Licensee Presentation Material

cc w/encls:
J. D. Woodard
Senior Vice President
Georgia Power Company
P. O. Box 1295
Birmingham, AL 35201

J. B. Beasley
General Manager, Plant Vogtle
Georgia Power Company
P. O. Box 1600
Waynesboro, GA 30830

J. A. Bailey
Georgia Power Company
P. O. Box 1295
Birmingham, AL 35201

Jim Hurt, Director
Consumers' Utility Counsel Division
Governor's Office of Consumer Affairs
2 M. L. King, Jr. Drive
Plaza Level - East; Suite 356
Atlanta, GA 30334-4600

Office of Planning and Budget
Room 615B
270 Washington Street, SW
Atlanta, GA 30334

Office of the County Commissioner
Burke County Commission
Waynesboro, GA 30830

Harold Reheis, Director
Department of Natural Resources
205 Butler Street, SE, Suite 1252
Atlanta, GA 30334

Thomas Hill, Manager
Radioactive Materials Program
Department of Natural Resources
4244 International Parkway
Suite 114
Atlanta, GA 30354

Attorney General
Law Department
132 Judicial Building
Atlanta, GA 30334

Thomas P. Mozingo
Manager of Nuclear Operations
Oglethorpe Power Corporation
2100 E. Exchange Place
Tucker, GA 30085-1349

Charles A. Patrizia, Esq.
Paul, Hastings, Janofsky & Walker
10th Floor
1299 Pennsylvania Avenue
Washington, D. C. 20004-9500

Steven M. Jackson
Senior Engineer - Power Supply
Municipal Electric Authority
of Georgia
1470 Riveredge Parkway NW
Atlanta, GA 30328-4684


Georgia Power Company Docket Nos. 50-424 and 50-425 Vogtle Electric Generating Plant License Nos. NPF-68, NPF-81
EA 96-479

During an NRC inspection conducted on September 29 through November 9, 1996, violations of NRC requirements were identified. In accordance with the "General Statement of Policy and Procedures for NRC Enforcement Actions," NUREG-1600, the violations are listed below:

A. Technical Specification (TS) 3.5.2 Limiting Condition for Operation, Emergency Core Cooling System (ECCS) Subsystems - Tave Greater than or Equal to 350 ·F, requires that two independent ECCS subsystems be operable when in modes 1, 2, or 3. Each subsystem is comprised of one operable centrifugal charging pump, one operable safety injection pump, one operable residual heat removal heat exchanger, and one operable residual heat removal pump.

TS 3.5.2 Action Statement (a) requires that with one ECCS subsystem inoperable that the inoperable subsystem be restored to operable status within 72 hours or be in Hot Standby within the next six hours and in Hot Shutdown within the following 6 hours.

Contrary to the above, from at least September 30, 1991, through October 23, 1996, when Unit 1 was operated in modes 1, 2, and 3, the licensee failed to maintain two independent ECCS subsystems operable, and the provisions of TS 3.5.2 Action Statement (a) were not met. Specifically, the Unit 1, Train B safety injection pump (1B SIP) was inoperable due to blocked cooling flow to one of its motor coolers and approximately one-third flow to its other motor cooler. (01013)

B. TS 6.7.1.a requires that written procedures be established covering activities delineated in Appendix A of Regulatory Guide 1.33, Revision 2, dated February 1978.

Regulatory Guide 1.33, Revision 2, dated February 1978, requires that procedures be written for performance of maintenance that can affect safety-related equipment.

Maintenance Procedure Checklist SCL022238, Nuclear Service Cooling Water Heat Exchangers - Periodic Inspections, Revision 8, dated September 29, 1995, provided general instructions to remove, replace, and re-install heat exchanger gaskets and plenums.

Contrary to the above, as of October 25, 1996, the licensee failed to establish adequate procedural guidance to assure the correct installation of motor cooler gaskets and plenums for safety-related equipment. As a result, the gasket for the 1B SIP inboard motor cooler was installed backwards and the plenum on the outboard motor cooler was reversed rendering the pump inoperable. Additionally, the plenums were installed backwards on a Unit 2 Train A containment spray pump motor cooler, on a Unit 1 auxiliary component cooling water (ACCW) Pump 2 motor cooler, and on both Unit 2 ACCW Pump 1 motor coolers. (01023)

This is a Severity Level III problem (Supplement I).

Pursuant to the provisions of 10 CFR 2.201, the Georgia Power Company is hereby required to submit a written statement or explanation to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, ATTN: Document Control Desk, Washington, D.C. 20555 with a copy to the Regional Administrator, Region II, and a copy to the NRC Resident Inspector at the Vogtle Electric Generating Plant, within 30 days of the date of the letter transmitting this Notice of Violation (Notice). This reply should be clearly marked as a "Reply to a Notice of Violation" and should include for each violation: (1) the reason for the violation, or, if contested, the basis for disputing the violation, (2) the corrective steps that have been taken and the results achieved, (3) the corrective steps that will be taken to avoid further violations, and (4) the date when full compliance will be achieved. Your response may reference or include previously docketed correspondence, if the correspondence adequately addresses the required response. If an adequate reply is not received within the time specified in this Notice, an order or a Demand for Information may be issued as to why the license should not be modified, suspended, or revoked, or why such other action as may be proper should not be taken. Where good cause is shown, consideration will be given to extending the response time.

Under the authority of Section 182 of the Act, 42 U.S.C. 2232, this response shall be submitted under oath or affirmation.

Because your response will be placed in the NRC Public Document Room (PDR), to the extent possible, it should not include any personal privacy, proprietary, or safeguards information so that it can be placed in the PDR without redaction. However, if you find it necessary to include such information, you should clearly indicate the specific information that you desire not to be placed in the PDR, and provide the legal basis to support your request for withholding the information from the public.

Dated at Atlanta, Georgia
this 31st day of December 1996

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