# Appendix A to Part 37—Category 1 and Category 2 Radioactive Materials

## Table 1—Category 1 and Category 2 Threshold

The terabecquerel (TBq) values are the regulatory standard. The curie (Ci) values specified are obtained by converting from the TBq value. The curie values are provided for practical usefulness only.

(TBq)
Category 1
(Ci)
Category 2
(TBq)
Category 2
(Ci)
Americium-241 60 1,620 0.6 16.2
Americium-241/Be 60 1,620 0.6 16.2
Californium-252 20 540 0.2 5.40
Cobalt-60 30 810 0.3 8.10
Curium-244 50 1,350 0.5 13.5
Cesium-137 100 2,700 1 27.0
Iridium-192 80 2,160 0.8 21.6
Plutonium-238 60 1,620 0.6 16.2
Plutonium-239/Be 60 1,620 0.6 16.2
Promethium-147 40,000 1,080,000 400 10,800
Selenium-75 200 5,400 2 54.0
Strontium-90 1,000 27,000 10 270
Thulium-170 20,000 540,000 200 5,400
Ytterbium-169 300 8,100 3 81.0

Note: Calculations Concerning Multiple Sources or Multiple Radionuclides

The "sum of fractions" methodology for evaluating combinations of multiple sources or multiple radionuclides is to be used in determining whether a location meets or exceeds the threshold and is thus subject to the requirements of this part.

I. If multiple sources of the same radionuclide and/or multiple radionuclides are aggregated at a location, the sum of the ratios of the total activity of each of the radionuclides must be determined to verify whether the activity at the location is less than the category 1 or category 2 thresholds of Table 1, as appropriate. If the calculated sum of the ratios, using the equation below, is greater than or equal to 1.0, then the applicable requirements of this part apply.

II. First determine the total activity for each radionuclide from Table 1. This is done by adding the activity of each individual source, material in any device, and any loose or bulk material that contains the radionuclide. Then use the equation below to calculate the sum of the ratios by inserting the total activity of the applicable radionuclides from Table 1 in the numerator of the equation and the corresponding threshold activity from Table 1 in the denominator of the equation.

Calculations must be performed in metric values (i.e., TBq) and the numerator and denominator values must be in the same units.

R1 = total activity for radionuclide 1
R2 = total activity for radionuclide 2
RN = total activity for radionuclide n
AR1 = activity threshold for radionuclide 1
AR2 = activity threshold for radionuclide 2
ARN = activity threshold for radionuclide n [78 FR 17020, Mar. 19, 2013; 86 FR 67842, Nov. 30, 2021; 86 FR 67842, Nov. 30, 2021]

Page Last Reviewed/Updated Monday, October 17, 2022