Chain reaction

A reaction that initiates its own repetition. In a fission chain reaction, a fissionablenucleus absorbs a neutron and fissions spontaneously, releasing additional neutrons. These, in turn, can be absorbed by other fissionable nuclei, releasing still more neutrons. A fission chain reaction is self-sustaining when the number of neutrons released in a given time equals or exceeds the number of neutrons lost by absorption in nonfissionable material or by escape from the system.

Page Last Reviewed/Updated Tuesday, March 09, 2021