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Summary of FFD Program Performance Reports for 1999

Since the fitness-for-duty (FFD) rule (10 CFR Part 26) was published, licensees have submitted program performance reports to the NRC as required by 10 CFR 26.71(d). In the past, the NRC published a summary and analysis of calendar year data submitted by the licensees in an annual volume of NUREG/CR-5758, "Fitness for Duty in the Nuclear Power Industry - Annual Summary of Program Performance Reports." The tables below provide the information for calendar year 1999 and summarize data from 1990 to 1999.

Table 1 - Test results for each test category, 1999


TEST CATEGORY

NUMBER OF TESTS
1999
POSITIVE TESTS

PERCENT POSITIVE
Pre-Access 69,139 934 1.35%
Random 54,457 140 0.26%
For-Cause 736 120 16.30%
Follow-Up 3,008 30 1.00%
Other 1,742 39 2.24%
TOTAL 129,082 1,263 0.98%
TOTAL without OTHER Category 127,340 1,224 0.96%

 

Table 2 - 1999 Test results for each test category and work category

(January through December 1999)

TEST
CATEGORY
LICENSEE
EMPLOYEES
LONG-TERM
CONTRACTORS
SHORT-TERM
CONTRACTORS

TOTAL
Pre-Access        
Number Tested 8,386 1,339 59,414 69,139
Number Positive 44 10 880 934
Percent Positive 0.52% 0.75% 1.48% 1.35%
Random        
Number Tested 38,692 1,976 13,789 54,457
Number Positive 71 7 62 140
Percent Positive 0.18% 0.35% 0.45% 0.26%
For-Cause        
Number Tested 315 25 396 736
Number Positive 29 4 87 120
Percent Positive 9.21% 16.00% 21.97% 16.30%
Follow-Up        
Number Tested 1,653 70 1,285 3,008
Number Positive 15 1 14 30
Percent Positive 0.91% 1.43% 1.09% 1.00%
Other        
Number Tested 648 318 776 1,742
Number Positive 4 2 33 39
Percent Positive 0.62% 0.63% 4.25% 2.24%
TOTAL        
Number Tested 49,694 3,728 75,660 129,082
Number Positive 163 24 1,076 1,263
Percent Positive 0.33% 0.64% 1.42% 0.98%
TOTAL without OTHER Category        
Number Tested 49,046 3,410 74,884 127,340
Number Positive 159 22 1,043 1,224
Percent Positive 0.32% 0.65% 1.39% 0.96%

 

Table 3 - 1999 Test results by test category

(January through December 1999)

TEST
CATEGORY
FIRST
SIX MONTHS
SECOND
SIX MONTHS

YEAR
Pre-Access      
Number Tested 37,844 31,295 69,139
Number Positive 510 424 934
Percent Positive 1.35% 1.35% 1.35%
Random      
Number Tested 28,256 26,201 54,457
Number Positive 70 70 140
Percent Positive 0.25% 0.27% 0.26%
For-Cause      
Observed Behavior      
Number Tested 283 223 506
Number Positive 75 45 120
Percent Positive 26.50% 20.18% 23.72%
Post-Accident      
Number Tested 110 120 230
Number Positive 0 0 0
Percent Positive 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
Follow-Up      
Number Tested 1,543 1,465 3,008
Number Positive 16 14 30
Percent Positive 1.04% 0.96% 1.00%
Other      
Number Tested 866 876 1,742
Number Positive 18 21 39
Percent Positive 2.08% 2.40% 2.24%
TOTAL      
Number Tested 68,902 60,180 129,082
Number Positive 689 574 1,263
Percent Positive 1.00% 0.95% 0.98%
TOTAL without OTHER Category      
Number Tested 68,036 59,304 127,340
Number Positive 671 553 1,224
Percent Positive 0.99% 0.93% 0.96%

 

Table 4 - 1999 Test results for licensee employees and contractor personnel

(January through December 1999)

  LICENSEE
EMPLOYEES
CONTRACTORS (Long-Term/Short Term)
TEST CATEGORY First
Six Months
Second
Six Months

Year
First
Six Months
Second
Six Months

Year
Pre-Access            
Number Tested 4,691 3,695 8,386 33,153 27,600 60,753
Number Positive 21 23 44 489 401 890
Percent Positive 0.45% 0.62% 0.52% 1.47% 1.45% 1.46%
Random            
Number Tested 20,020 18,672 38,692 8,236 7,529 15,765
Number Positive 32 39 71 38 31 69
Percent Positive 0.16% 0.21% 0.18% 0.46% 0.41% 0.44%
For-Cause            
Observed Behavior            
Number Tested 112 91 203 171 132 303
Number Positive 20 9 29 55 36 91
Percent Positive 17.86% 9.89% 14.29% 32.16% 27.27% 30.03%
Post-Accident            
Number Tested 60 52 112 50 68 118
Number Positive 0 0 0 0 0 0
Percent Positive 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
Follow-Up            
Number Tested 818 835 1,653 725 630 1,355
Number Positive 8 7 15 8 7 15
Percent Positive 0.98% 0.84% 0.91% 1.10% 1.11% 1.11%
Other            
Number Tested 316 332 648 550 544 1,094
Number Positive 2 2 4 16 19 35
Percent Positive 0.63% 0.60% 0.62% 2.91% 3.49% 3.20%
TOTAL            
Number Tested 26,017 23,677 49,694 42,885 36,503 79,388
Number Positive 83 80 163 606 494 1,100
Percent Positive 0.32% 0.34% 0.33% 1.41% 1.35% 1.39%
TOTAL without OTHER Category            
Number Tested 25,701 23,345 49,046 42,335 35,959 78,294
Number Positive 81 78 159 590 475 1,065
Percent Positive 0.32% 0.33% 0.32% 1.39% 1.32% 1.36%

 

Table 5 - 1999 Test results for long-term and short-term contractor personnel

(January through December 1999)

  LONG-TERM
CONTRACTORS
SHORT-TERM
CONTRACTORS
TEST CATEGORY First
Six Months
Second
Six Months

Year
First
Six Months
Second
Six Months

Year
Pre-Access            
Number Tested 752 587 1,339 32,401 27,013 59,414
Number Positive 5 5 10 484 396 880
Percent Positive 0.66% 0.85% 0.75% 1.49% 1.47% 1.48%
Random            
Number Tested 947 1,029 1,976 7,289 6,500 13,789
Number Positive 3 4 7 35 27 62
Percent Positive 0.32% 0.39% 0.35% 0.48% 0.42% 0.45%
For-Cause            
Observed Behavior            
Number Tested 6 11 17 165 121 286
Number Positive 2 2 4 53 34 87
Percent Positive 33.33% 18.18% 23.53% 32.12% 28.10% 30.42%
Post-Accident            
Number Tested 2 6 8 48 62 110
Number Positive 0 0 0 0 0 0
Percent Positive 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
Follow-Up            
Number Tested 33 37 70 692 593 1,285
Number Positive 1 0 1 7 7 14
Percent Positive 3.03% 0.00% 1.43% 1.01% 1.18% 1.09%
Other            
Number Tested 155 163 318 395 381 776
Number Positive 1 1 2 15 18 33
Percent Positive 0.65% 0.61% 0.63% 3.80% 4.72% 4.25%
TOTAL            
Number Tested 1,895 1,833 3,728 40,990 34,670 75,660
Number Positive 12 12 24 594 482 1,076
Percent Positive 0.63% 0.65% 0.64% 1.45% 1.39% 1.42%
TOTAL without OTHER Category            
Number Tested 1,740 1,670 3,410 40,595 34,289 74,884
Number Positive 11 11 22 579 464 1,043
Percent Positive 0.63% 0.66% 0.65% 1.43% 1.35% 1.39%

 

Table 6 - 1999 Number of confirmed positives by substance

(January through December 1999)


FIRST
SIX MONTHS
SECOND
SIX MONTHS

TOTAL
TYPE OF SUBSTANCE
Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent
Marijuana 345 52.19% 327 57.17% 672 54.50%
Cocaine 151 22.84% 122 21.33% 273 22.14%
Opiates 4 0.61% 12 2.10% 16 1.30%
Amphetamines 20 3.03% 20 3.50% 40 3.24%
Phencyclidine 0 0.00% 2 0.35% 2 0.16%
Alcohol 141 21.33% 89 15.56% 230 18.65%
TOTAL 661   572   1,233  

 

Table 7 - 1999 Confirmed positives test results by substance for each worker category

(January through December 1999)

  LICENSEE
EMPLOYEES
CONTRACTORS
(Long-Term/Short-Term)
TYPE OF SUBSTANCE Number Percent Number Percent
Marijuana 65 41.67% 607 56.36%
Cocaine 39 25.00% 234 21.73%
Opiates 0 0.00% 16 1.49%
Amphetamines 3 1.92% 37 3.44%
Phencyclidine 0 0.00% 2 0.19%
Alcohol 49 31.41% 181 16.81%
TOTAL 156   1,077  

 

Table 8 - Significant* fitness-for-duty events (1990-1999)

Type of Event 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Total
Reactor Operators 19 16 18 8 7 8 8 9 5 5 103
Licensee Supervisors 26 16 22 25 11 16 19 16 10 2 163
Contract Supervisors 12 24 28 16 11 10 8 10 10 12 141
FFD Program Personnel 1 5 0 0 1 0 2 0 3 2 14
Substances Found 6 8 6 2 0 5 5 4 0 2 38
Total 64 69 74 51 30 39 42 39 28 23 459

**Subsection 73 of 10 CFR Part 26 requires reporting units to provide the NRC with information on significant FFD events, such as events involving licensed operators and supervisors, and on controlled substances found in the protected area of the plant.

 

Table 9 - Trends in testing by test type (1990-1999)

Type of Test 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Total
Pre-                      
Number 122,491 104,508 104,842 91,471 80,217 79,305 81,041 84,320 69,146 69,139 886,480
Number 1,548 983 1,110 952 977 1,122 1,132 1,096 822 934 10,676
Percent 1.26% 0.94% 1.06% 1.04% 1.22% 1.41% 1.40% 1.30% 1.19% 1.35% 1.20%
Random                      
Number 148,743 153,818 156,730 146,605 78,391 66,791 62,307 60,829 56,969 54,457 985,640
Number 550 510 461 341 223 180 202 172 157 140 2,936
Percent 0.37% 0.33% 0.29% 0.23% 0.28% 0.27% 0.32% 0.28% 0.28% 0.26% 0.30%
For-Cause                      
Number 732 727 696 751 758 763 848 722 720 736 7,453
Number 214 167 178 163 122 139 138 149 100 120 1,490
Percent 29.23% 22.97% 25.57% 21.70% 16.09% 18.22% 16.27% 20.64% 13.89% 16.30% 19.99%
Follow-Up                      
Number 2,633 3,544 4,283 4,139 3,875 3,262 3,262 3,296 2,863 3,008 34,165
Number 65 62 69 56 50 35 40 31 43 30 481
Percent 2.47% 1.75% 1.61% 1.35% 1.29% 1.07% 1.23% 0.94% 1.50% 1.00% 1.41%
Other                      
Number 3,610 3,228 4,998 2,511 2,125 2,778 2,082 1,928 1,929 1,742 26,931
Number 32 22 59 36 22 55 37 36 32 39 370
Percent 0.89% 0.68% 1.18% 1.43% 1.04% 1.98% 1.78% 1.87% 1.66% 2.24% 1.37%
TOTAL                      
Number 278,209 265,825 271,549 245,477 165,366 152,899 149,540 151,095 131,627 129,082 1,940,669
Number 2,409 1,744 1,877 1,548 1,394 1,531 1,549 1,484 1,154 1,263 15,953
Percent 0.87% 0.66% 0.69% 0.63% 0.84% 1.00% 1.04% 0.98% 0.88% 0.98% 0.82%
TOTAL without OTHER Category                      
Number 274,599 262,597 266,551 242,966 163,241 150,121 147,458 149,167 129,698 127,340 1,913,738
Number 2,377 1,722 1,818 1,512 1,372 1,476 1,512 1,448 1,122 1,224 15,583
Percent 0.87% 0.66% 0.68% 0.62% 0.84% 0.98% 1.03% 0.97% 0.87% 0.96% 0.81%

 

Table 10 - Trends in substances identified (1990-1999)

Substance 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Marijuana 1,153 746 953 781 739 819 868 842 606 672
Cocaine 706 549 470 369 344 374 352 336 269 273
Alcohol 452 401 427 357 251 265 281 262 212 230
Amphetamines 69 31 31 51 54 61 53 49 46 40
Opiates 45 24 8 13 11 17 14 39 19 16
Phencyclidine 8 11 4 5 1 7 2 0 1 2
Total* 2,433 1,762 1,893 1,576 1,400 1,543 1,570 1,528 1,153 1,233

* These totals do not equal the total number of positives for each year due to positives for multiple substances and other substances than those listed above.

 

Table 11 - Trends in positive test rates for workers with unescorted access (1990-1999)*

Year
Positive
Test Rate
1990 0.54%
1991 0.47%
1992 0.44%
1993 0.37%
1994 0.48%
1995 0.50%
1996 0.57%
1997 0.54%
1998 0.50%
1999 0.50%

* Includes random, for-cause, and follow-up testing results. The reduction in random test rate from 100% to 50% has been in effect since 1994.

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