Part 21 Report - 2003-005-00
P.O. Box 63
Lycoming New York 13093
Nine Mile Point
January 7, 2003
United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission
Attn: Document Control Desk
Washington, DC 20555
Subject: Nine Mile Point Unit 2
Docket No. 50-410, NPF-69
Licensee Event Report 02-004, "Reactor Trip Due to Main Steam Isolation Valve Failure"
In accordance with, 10 CFk 50.73(a)(2)(iv)(A), we are submitting Licensee Event Report 02-004, "Reactor Trip Due to Main Steam Isolation Valve Failure."
Very truly yours,
Lawrence A. Hopkins
Plant General Manager
cc: Mr. H. 3. Miller, NRC Regional Administrator, Region I
Mr. G. K. Hunegs, NRC Senior Resident Inspector
FOR ACTUAL LER USE LINK TO PDF FILE AT BOTTOM OF PAGE
On November 11, 2002, at approximately 0515 hours, with Nine Mile Point Unit 2 (NMP2) at 100 percent power, an outboard main steam isolation valve (MSIV) disc separated from its stem allowing the disc/piston assembly to drop into the valve seat. This led to the rapid loss of flow in the "B" Main Steam Line resulting in a steam pressure transient.
As result of increasing reactor pressure, the reactor scrammed due to a "Reactor Pressure High~ trip signal. After the reactor scram, all MSIVs received closure signals and closed. The cause of the closure signals to the MSIVS was a "Main Steam Line High Flow" MSIV auto-isolation signal. The high main steam line flow was caused by the increased reactor pressure and flow being restricted to three of the four main steam lines.
The reactor scram and MSIV closure are reportable in accordance with 10 CFR 50.73(a)(2)(iv)(A). This report also constitutes a Part 21 Notification.
The cause was a deficient MSIV design that did not ensure the proper stem4~disc thread loading. Contributors to the failure were marginal thread dimensions and inadequate torque specifications during assembly. Five of eight MSIVS had been modified incorporating an improved design. The failed MSIV had not been modified.
The corrective action was the incorporation of a modified stem-to-disc connection on the three remaining unmodified valves.
I. Description of Event
On November 11, 2002, at approximately 0515 hours, with Nine Mile Point Unit 2 (NMP2) at 100 percent power an outboard main steam isolation valve (MS IV) disc separated from its stem allowing the discipiston assembly to drop into the valve seat. This caused the "B" Main Steam Line (MSL) flow to go to zero. The instantaneous loss of "B" MSL flow resulted in a momentary reduction of pressure downstream of the four main steam lines. The turbine controls, sensing this reduction of pressure downstream of the MS IVs initiated the closing of all turbine control valves in an attempt to maintain upstream pressure.
As the turbine control valves started closing, pressure in the reactor increased and steam flow in the remaining steam lines also increased. Main steam line equalizing header pressure rose and continued to rise due to increasing reactor pressure and increasing steam flow through the remaining three main steam lines. The turbine control valves then began to open as a result of the overpressure condition in the equalizing header. Turbine Bypass Valve 'A' fully opened and Turbine Bypass Valve 'B' started to open. The reactor scrammed at this time due to a "Reactor Pressure High" trip signal. Approximately one second after the reactor scram, all MSIVs received a "Main Steam Une High Flow" auto-isolation signal and started to close. The high main steam line flow was caused by the increased reactor pressure and flow restricted to only three of the four main steam lines.
With the MSIVs closed, safety relief valves (SRV) 2MSS*P5V128 and 2MSS*P5V133 opened automatically in the relief mode. Pressure Control was then established using manual operation of SRV's. Reactor water level initially dropped below the level 3 setpoint of 159.3 inches and was returned to approximately 195 inches using reactor feedwater pump 2FWS-P1B. Upon manually opening an SRV to maintain pressure, a swell in reactor water level caused a level 8 signal that tripped the operating feedwater pump. The operating crew started the Reactor Core Isolation Cooling System, in accordance with procedures, as a means to maintain reactor level and to assist with pressure control.
As designed, both recirculaUon pumps automatically downshifted to slow speed when reactor water level dropped below the level 3 setpoint of 159.3 inches following the scram. Both reactor redrculation pumps continued to operate at slow speed after the event.
No structures, systems, or components were inoperable at the start of the event that would have exacerbated the event. Operators and required equipment responded as expected.
II. Cause of Event
The cause of the loss of steam flow through -B" MSL and the subsequent reactor scram was a separation of the disc from the stem in MSIV 2MSS*AO~B. This was caused by a deficient design from the manufacturer that did not ensure the proper stem4o-disc thread loading. The deficient design resulted in the mechanical separation at the stem4o~disc threaded and pinned connection due to vibration. Contributors to the failure were marginal thread dimensions and inadequate torque specifications during assembly of the threaded and pinned connection between the stem and disc.
A visual inspection of the failed stem-to-disc threaded and pinned connection idenUfied that the portion of the stem in the area directly below the pin had fatigued and cracked. The pin was undamaged and still would have prevented rotational disengagement. Significant vibration induced thread damage to the stem and disc was observed, which ultimately resulted in the stem pullout.
A modification to upgrade the configuration, identified as an enhancement to the original stem-to-disc design of the MSIVs, had been performed on five of the eight NMP2 MSIVs. The primary purpose of the modification was to improve the leak tightness of the MSIVS while also incorporating a one-piece piston/disc assembly and a welded stem-to-disc design. The subject MSIV for this event was in the group of unmodified valves that were awaiting the modification. Results of Local Leak Rate Testing (LLRT) were used as the threshold for installation of the modification. The valve had not experienced an LLRT failure since the modified design was available, and therefore had not been updated with the new valve internals.
Ill. Analysis of Event
This event is reportable because of the resulting automatic actuation of a valid reactor trip, in accordance with 10 CFR 50.73(a)(2)(iv)(A). Additionally, this report constitutes a Part 21 Notification. No significant safety consequences resulted from this event because all required safety systems were available and functioned as designed.
The MSIVs are provided to isolate the MSL to limit the release of radioactive material and the drainage of water from the reactor due to a main steam line break outside Containment.
The design of the MSIVs allows normal steam flow to aid in closing the valve, and higher inlet pressure tends to hold the valve closed. Degradation of the stem prior to this event would not have prevented the disc from being shut, thus providing the required MSIV isolation. The second MSIV in the "B" MSL, 2MSS*AOV6B, functioned as designed.
The Reactor Core Isolation Cooling System was available and functioned properiy to remove decayheat from the reactor following the shutdown.
No Emergency Core Cooling Systems actuated during the event or should have actuated.
A Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) evaluation was performed on this event, and the review concluded that the Conditional Core Damage Probability resulting from this event is 8.97E-07. As indicated by the PRA evaluation results, this event was of very low risk significance.
Based on the above, the event did not pose a threat to the health and safety of plant personnel or the public.
IV. Corrective Actions
A discistem modification was performed on the three previously unmodified MSIVS1 2MSS*AOWB, 2M55*A0V6A1 and 2MSS*AOWA. The modification consisted of a new valve disc design that incorporates a new stem/disc assembly and provides an improved method of attachment between the pilot disc and stem.
V. Additional information
1. Failed Components:
MSIV Make/Model: Rockwell 26' Wye-Pattem Globe Valve, model 1612JMMNTY
2. Previous similar events:
NMP2 has not experienced any previous similar reactor trips or reportable events due to MSIV stem-to-disc connection failures.
3. Identification of components referred to in this Licensee Event Report
|Components || |
IEEE 805 Svstem ID
IEEE 803A Function
|Main Steam System || |
|Feedwater System || |
|Turbine Bypass System || |
|Turbine Control System || |
|Reactor Recirculation System || |
|Reactor Core Isolation Cooling || |
|Reactor || |
|Pump || |
|Valve || |
|Vessel || |
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