Fuel Cycle Facilities Regulations, Guidance, Communications, and Cumulative Effects of Regulation
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NRC's regulations are found in Chapter I of Title 10, "Energy," of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). Chapter I is divided into Parts 1 through 199. The following are the principal parts governing the licensing and operation of fuel cycle facilities:
- Part 40 - Domestic licensing of source material
- Part 70 - Domestic licensing of special nuclear material (fuel cycle facilities)
- Part 73 - Physical protection of plants and materials (fuel cycle facilities)
- Part 74 - Material control and accounting of special nuclear material (fuel cycle facilities)
- Part 76 - Certification of gaseous diffusion plants
- The "NRC Regulatory Agenda" (NUREG-0936) - A semiannual compilation of brief descriptions of all rulemaking actions
- Rulemaking Dockets
Regulatory guides are issued in 10 divisions and are intended to aid licensees in implementing regulations. The guides most applicable to nuclear fuel and fuel cycle facilities are in
- Division 3, Fuels and Materials Facilities
- Division 4, Environmental and Siting
- Division 5, Materials and Plant Protection
- Division 8, Occupational Health
Web (HTML or PDF) versions of some regulatory guides are available for viewing or downloading. Those available are highlighted in the index to our Regulatory Guide Document Collection. All active final and draft guides are also available in NRC's Agency-wide Documents Access and Management System (ADAMS).
Regulatory Guide Update Program – In 2006, the NRC staff initiated an effort to review, prioritize, and revise all Regulatory Guides. More information on the status of Regulatory Guides being reviewed by Fuel Cycle Safety, Safeguards and Environmental Reviews (FCSE) is available at the enclosed link.
Other guidance documents that may be useful to licensees and other stakeholders are:
- Standard Format and Content Acceptance Criteria for the Material Control and Accounting (MC&A) Reform Amendment (NUREG-1280)
- Integrated Safety Analysis Guidance Document (NUREG-1513)
- Standard Review Plan for the Review of a License Application for a Fuel Cycle Facility (NUREG-1520)
- Standard Review Plan for the Review of an Application for a Mixed-Oxide (MOX) Fuel Fabrication Facility (NUREG-1718)
- Acceptable Standard Format and Content for the Fundamental Nuclear Material Control (FNMC) Plan Required for Low-Enriched Uranium Facilities (NUREG-1065)
- Recommendations to the NRC on Acceptable Standard Format and Content for the Fundamental Nuclear Material Control (FNMC) Plan Required for Low-Enriched Uranium Enrichment Facilities (NUREG/CR-5734)
- Handbook of Nuclear Safeguards Measurement Methods (NUREG/CR-2078)*
- Passive Nondestructive Assay of Nuclear Materials (NUREG/CR-5550)*
- Statistical Methods for Nuclear Material Management (NUREG/CR-4604)*
*These large documents can be obtained from the NRC Public Document Room.
Web (HTML) versions of some guidance documents are available in our NRC Formal Publication Collection. Some are also are available in ADAMS (see our table listing their availability). Also available in this collection on the Web site are guidance and information on many types of materials licenses in Volumes 1–20 of NUREG-1556. For additional information, see Uranium Recovery Regulations, Guidance, and Communications.
Generic communications are NRC's primary method of sending information to specific classes of licensees. There are several types:
Newsletters are another way of sending information to NRC licensees. The NMSS Licensee Newsletter (NUREG/BR-0117) is published quarterly and contains information about fuel cycle facilities.
Cumulative Effects of Regulation
Cumulative Effects of Regulation (CER) represents a continuing effort by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in conjunction with interested stakeholders to improve efficiency and effectiveness in the development of regulations and guidance. A working definition of CER is contained in a March 2, 2011 paper to the Commission, SECY-12-0137, as follows:
"CER describes the challenges licensees, or other impacted entities such as State partners, face implementing new regulatory positions, programs, and requirements (e.g., rules, generic letters, backfits, inspections). CER is an organizational effectiveness challenge that results from a licensee or impacted entity implementing a significant number of new and complex regulatory actions stemming from multiple regulatory actions, within a limited implementation period and with available resources (which may include limited available expertise to address a specific issue). CER can potentially distract licensee or entity staff from executing other primary duties that ensure safety or security. CER can be aggravated if the new requirements lack clarity."
Major regulatory activities for fuel cycle facilities are summarized in a Gantt Chart entitled "Integrated Schedule of Regulatory Activities for Fuel Cycle." The chart, shown below, lists the current regulatory activities, the major milestones, dates for meetings and public interactions, and the drivers. This chart is used by the agency and industry to more effectively coordinate rulemaking and other regulatory improvement efforts to avoid scheduling conflicts, and to focus the work on important regulatory projects.
|Integrated Schedule of Major Regulatory Activities for Fuel Cycle (updated 12-18-2015)|
The Supplement to the Fuel Cycle Integrated Schedule, provides additional information on regulatory activities listed on the Gantt chart. The document contains a purpose statement for each activity, an overview of the project's status, a list of related documents, and information on the public interactions scheduled.
Public meetings on Cumulative Effects of Radiation are scheduled quarterly between the Division of Fuel Cycle Safety Safeguards and Environmental Review and stakeholders. During these meetings the NRC staff provides updates on the CER Integrated Schedule for Fuel Cycle Facilities and seeks feedback from stakeholders. These meetings support the Commission's direction in Staff Requirements Memorandum – SECY-12-0137 for NRC staff to work with stakeholders to address CER issues. Information on upcoming meetings and summaries of past meetings are provided below.
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