Low-Level Waste Disposal
- Uniform Waste Manifest
- Radioactive Waste: Production, Storage, Disposal (NUREG/BR-0216)
- Unique Waste Streams
- Blending of Low-Level Radioactive Waste
- Impacts of lack of Disposal Access to Beneficial uses of Radioactive Materials
- Branch Technical Position (BTP) on Concentration Averaging & Encapsulation
- Potential Revision of 10 CFR Part 61
What We Regulate
Low-level waste disposal occurs at commercially operated low-level waste disposal facilities that must be licensed by either NRC or Agreement States. The facilities must be designed, constructed, and operated to meet safety standards. The operator of the facility must also extensively characterize the site on which the facility is located and analyze how the facility will perform for thousands of years into the future.
There are three existing low-level waste disposal facilities in the United States that accept various types of low-level waste. All are in Agreement States.
The Low-level Radioactive Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1985 gave the states responsibility for the disposal of their low-level radioactive waste. The Act encouraged the states to enter into compacts that would allow them to dispose of waste at a common disposal facility. Most states have entered into compacts; however, no new disposal facilities have been built since the Act was passed.
How We Regulate
NRC and the Agreement States regulate low-level waste disposal through a combination of regulatory requirements, licensing, and safety oversight. For more information see the following:
See our Agreement States page for more information on the roles of NRC and the Agreement States in regulating low-level waste disposal and other activities associated with nuclear materials.