Final Environmental Impact Statement for Combined Licenses (COLs) for Comanche Peak Nuclear Power Plant Units 3 and 4: Cover through Chapter 10 (NUREG-1943, Volume 1)
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Date Published: May 2011
Division of Site and Environmental Review
Office of New Reactors
U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission
Washington, DC 20555-0001
Planning, Environmental, and Regulatory Division
U.S. Army Engineer District, Fort Worth
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Fort Worth, TX 76102-6199
This environmental impact statement (EIS) has been prepared to satisfy the requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, as amended. This EIS has been prepared in response to an application submitted to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) by Luminant Generation Company LLC (Luminant), acting for itself and as agent for Nuclear Project Company LLC (subsequently renamed Comanche Peak Nuclear Power Company LLC), for combined construction permits and operating licenses (combined licenses or COLs). The proposed actions related to the Luminant application are (1) NRC issuance of COLs for two new nuclear power reactor units (Units 3 and 4) at the Comanche Peak Nuclear Power Plant (CPNPP) site in Hood and Somervell Counties, Texas, and (2) U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) issuance of a permit to perform certain construction activities on the site. The Corps is participating with the NRC in preparing this EIS as a cooperating agency and participates collaboratively on the review team.
This EIS includes the analysis by the NRC and Corps staff that considers and weighs the environmental impacts of building and operating two new nuclear units at the CPNPP site and at alternative sites, and mitigation measures available for reducing or avoiding adverse impacts.
The EIS includes the evaluation of the proposed action's impacts to waters of the United States pursuant to Section 404 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (Clean Water Act) and Section 10 of the Rivers and Harbors Appropriation Act of 1899. The Corps will conduct a public interest review in accordance with the guidelines promulgated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency under authority of Section 404(b) of the Clean Water Act. The public interest review, which will be addressed in the Corps' permit decision document, will include an alternatives analysis to determine the Least Environmentally Damaging Practicable Alternative.
After considering the environmental aspects of the proposed action, the NRC staff's recommendation to the Commission is that the COLs be issued as requested. This recommendation is based on (1) the application, including the Environmental Report (ER) submitted by Luminant and Luminant's responses to the NRC and Corps staff's requests for additional information (RAIs); (2) consultation with Federal, State, Tribal, and local agencies; (3) the NRC and Corps staff's independent review; (4) the NRC and Corps staff's consideration of public comments; and (5) the assessments summarized in this EIS, including the potential mitigation measures identified in the ER and this EIS. The Corps permit decision will be made following issuance of the final EIS, and the Corps will issue its Record of Decision based, in part, on this EIS.