Generic Environmental Impact Statement for License Renewal of Nuclear Plants: Regarding Millstone Power Station, Units 2 and 3 - Final Report (NUREG-1437, Supplement 22)
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- NUREG-1437, Supplement 22
Manuscript Completed: June 2005
Date Published: July 2005
Division of Regulatory Improvement Programs
Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation
U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission
Washington, DC 20555-0001
The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) considered the environmental impacts of renewing nuclear power plant operating licenses (OLs) fora 20-year period in its Generic. Environmental Impact Statement for License Renewal of Nuclear.Plants (GEIS), NUREG-1 437, Volumes 1 and 2, and codified the results in Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 51. In the GEIS (and its Addendum 1), the staff identifies 92 environmental issues and reaches generic conclusions related to environmental impacts for 69 of these issues that apply to all plants or to plants with specific design or site characteristics. Additional plant-specific review is required for the remaining 23 issues. These plant-specific reviews are to be included in a supplement to the GEIS.
This supplemental environmental impact statement (SEIS) has been prepared in response to applications submitted to the NRC by Dominion Nuclear Connecticut, Inc. (Dominion) to renew the OLs for Millstone Power Station, Units 2 and 3 (Millstone) for an additional 20 years under 10 CFR Part 54. This SEIS includes the NRC staff's analysis that considers and weighs the environmental impacts of the proposed action, the environmental impacts of alternatives to the proposed action, and mitigation measures available for reducing or avoiding adverse impacts. It also includes the staff's recommendation regarding the proposed action.
Regarding the 69 issues for which the GEIS reached generic conclusions, neither Dominion nor the staff has identified information that is both new and significant for any issue that applies to Millstone. In addition, the staff determined that information provided during the scoping process did not call into question the conclusions in the GEIS. Therefore, the staff concludes that the impacts of renewing the Millstone OLs will not be greater than impacts identified for these issues in the GEIS. For each of these issues, the staff's conclusion in the GEIS is that the impact would be of SMALL(a) significance (except for collective offsite radiological impacts from the fuel cycle and high-level waste and spent fuel, which were not assigned a single significance level).
Regarding the remaining 23 issues, those that apply to Millstone are addressed in this SEIS. The staff concludes that the significance of the potential environmental impacts of renewal of the OLs is SMALL for each applicable issue with two exceptions. For entrainment, the staff concludes that the impact is MODERATE, and the magnitude of impact for the chronic effects of electromagnetic fields is 'uncertain." The staff also concludes that additional mitigation measures are not likely to be sufficiently beneficial as to be warranted. The staff determined that information provided during the scoping process did not identify any new issue that has a significant environmental impact.
The NRC staff's recommendation is that the Commission determine that the adverse environmental impacts of license renewal for Millstone are not so great that preserving the option of license renewal for energy-planning decisionmakers would be unreasonable. This recommendation is based on (1) the analysis and findings in the GEIS; (2) the Environmental Report submitted by Dominion; (3) consultation with Federal, State, and local agencies; (4) the staff's own independent review; and (5) the staff's consideration of public comments.
(a) Environmental impacts are not detectable or are so minor that they will neither destabilize nor noticeably alter any important attribute of the resource.