SSINS.: 6830 Accession No.: 8005050074 UNITED STATES NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION OFFICE OF INSPECTION AND ENFORCEMENT WASHINGTON, D. C. 20555 June 24, 1980 IE Circular No. 80-14 RADIOACTIVE CONTAMINATION OF PLANT DEMINERALIZED WATER SYSTEM AND RESULTANT INTERNAL CONTAMINATION OF PERSONNEL This circular describes an event which occurred at a nuclear power facility; however, the generic implications may be applicable to research reactors, and fuel cycle facilities. On March 17, 1980, a licensee informed the NRC resident inspector that portions of the plant demineralized water (DW) system were found to be radioactively contaminated. A temporary hose used to add demineralized water to the spent fuel pool was the pathway for the cross-contamination. After this fuel pool makeup was completed on March 14, the temporary DW line (still connected to the DW header was inadvertently left submerged in the fuel pool. Since the DW header pressure at the point of supply was relatively low (a DW booster pump had been secured), a siphoning action occurred, resulting in radioactive contamination of portions of the DW header. On March 17, 1980,while performing routine secondary system chemical analyses, the licensee discovered that the demineralized water tap in the chemistry lab contained high levels of boron and had activity of 1.5 x 10-4 uCi/ml (mainly Cs-134, Cs-137, Co-58, Co-60 and Mn-54). It was subsequently discovered that demineralized water from the chemistry laboratory supply tap had been used to make five (5) pots of coffee. The remaining coffee was confiscated and the twenty-three (23) individuals who had consumed this coffee were whole-body counted. All involved individuals showed no intake greater than an equivalent 0.01 MPC-HRS. Analysis performed by the licensee's radiation consultant, based on the maximum concentration of radioactivity found in the coffee, indicated that the resultant 50-year dose commitment of an individual drinking eight ounces of this coffee would be less than 1 millirem. Further licensee investigation revealed that the non-radiological chemistry DW supply tap was the only DW supply point outside the Auxiliary Building controlled area. This DW supply tap was tagged prohibiting human consumption to prevent a similar event in the future. It is recommended that you review your facilities use of demineralized water (DW) via temporary connections and give attention to the following: 1. Provisions should be made to assure that radioactive materials are not inadvertently introduced into your facility's DW system via the improper use of temporary connections. A temporary cross connection between . IE Circular No. 80-14 June 24, 1980 Page 2 of 2 contaminated systems and the DW system without adequate physical controls to prevent cross-contamination should be prohibited. 2. In addition to some physical means of preventing backflow into the DW system, appropriate administrative controls should be established to ensure that the DW supply valve is secured and temporary hosing is disconnected from the DW supply header after use. 3. Use of plant-supplied DW for human consumption should be prohibited. The potable water system should be the only authorized source of water for human consumption. 4. Examine potable and demineralized water systems to determine if pathways exist allowing or having the potential to allow contamination of these systems including temporary connections whereby siphons could cause situations described above. No written response to this Circular is required. Your review of this matter to determine its applicability to your facility and any corrective and preventive actions taken or planned, as appropriate, will be reviewed during a subsequent NRC inspection. If you desire additional information regarding this matter, contact the Director of the appropriate NRC Regional Office.
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