United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission - Protecting People and the Environment

Escalated Enforcement Actions Issued to Materials Licensees - W

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This table includes a collection of significant enforcement actions (referred to as "escalated") that the NRC has issued to materials licensees.

The types of actions and their abbreviations are as follows:

  • Notice of Violation for Severity Level I, II, or III violations (NOV)
  • Notice of Violation and Proposed Imposition of Civil Penalty (NOVCP)
  • Order Imposing Civil Penalty (CPORDER)
  • Order Modifying, Suspending, or Revoking License (ORDER)

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Licensee Name and
NRC Action Number
Action Type
(Severity) &
Civil Penalty
(if any
Date Description
Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., AR
EA-09-187
NOV
(SL III)
10/28/2009 On October 28, 2009, the NRC issued a Notice of Violation to Wal-Mart, Inc. (Wal-Mart) for a Severity Level III problem involving the failure to: (1) appoint an individual responsible for having knowledge of appropriate regulations and requirements to comply with the general license; (2) properly transfer and dispose of generally licensed devices; and (3) transfer generally licensed devices to another general licensee only if the devices remain in use at a particular location. Specifically, between October 2000 and January 2008, Wal-Mart did not appoint a radiation safety officer or other responsible individual to manage its general license program relative to tritium exit signs, improperly transferred or disposed of up to 2,462 tritium exit signs, and also transferred 517 tritium exit signs from various Wal-Mart facilities to other Wal-Mart facilities, which were not authorized in a specific or general license.
Walter Reed Army Medical Center - Department of the Army, DC
EA-10-140
NOV
(SL III)
10/25/2010 On October 25, 2010, the NRC issued a Notice of Violation to the Walter Reed Army Medical Center (WRAMC), for a Severity Level III problem. The violations involved the licensee's failure to control and maintain constant surveillance of the licensed material in an unrestricted area as required by 10 CFR 20.1802 and failure to conduct operations so that the dose in any unrestricted area from external sources did not exceed 0.002 rem (0.02 millisievert) in any one hour. Specifically, between May 1 and 3, 2010, WRAMC did not control and maintain constant surveillance of packages containing licensed radioactive materials, which were improperly stored by WRAMC personnel in an unrestricted area under a counter in the concierge workstation, resulting in a dose greater than 0.002 rem in any one hour within the first floor lobby of the WRAMC.
Walter Reed Army Medical Center - Department of the Army, DC
EA-09-039
NOV
(SL III)
05/22/2009 On May 22, 2009, the NRC issued a Notice of Violation to Walter Reed Medical Center (WRAMC) for a SL III problem involving: (1) the failure to control radioactive material not in storage as required by 10 CFR 20.1802 and (2) a failure to provide adequate radiation safety instruction to a medical student, who provided care to a brachytherapy patient; and a Severity Level III violation involving a failure to provide event notification as required, in a timely manner. Specifically, on November 14, 2008, the licensee lost control of the brachytherapy sources for approximately 5.5 hours when a medical student, who had not been trained on the safe handling and shielding of brachytherapy sources, inadvertently removed three ribbons containing iridium-192 from a patient's bandage and improperly disposed of the sources. Consequently the sources were improperly transported to the trash compactor, an uncontrolled area, on the WRAMC loading dock. In addition, the WRAMC did not notify the NRC until November 19, 2008, five days after this event.
Wang Engineering, Inc., IL
EA-08-066
NOV
(SL III)
04/18/2008 On April 18, 2008, a Notice of Violation was issued for a Severity Level III violation involved the failure to file NRC Form 241- Report of Proposed Activities in Non-Agreement States, at least three days prior to engaging in licensed activities within NRC jurisdiction. Specifically, on numerous occasions during 2003, 2004, 2005 and 2007, Wang Engineering, Inc., a licensee of the State of Illinois, used portable moisture/density gauges containing licensed material at Department of Veteran Affairs (VA) construction sites; areas of exclusive federal jurisdiction in an Agreement State, without filing a Form-241 with the NRC.
Warner Brothers, LLC, MA
EA-11-209
NOV
(SL III)
11/08/2011 On November 8, 2011, the NRC issued a Notice of Violation to Warner Brothers, LLC for a Severity Level III violation involving the failure to file NRC Form 241 “Report of Proposed Activities in Non-Agreement States,” at least three days prior to engaging in licensed activities within NRC jurisdiction, as required by 10 CFR 150.20.  Specifically, on December 6, 2006, and July 7, 2008, Warner Brothers LLC, which only holds a Massachusetts license, used a portable gauge containing a sealed source, at temporary jobsites within the State of Connecticut, without obtaining a specific license issued by the NRC or filing NRC Form-241 with the NRC, as required.
Washington County Memorial Hospital, IN
EA-96-071
NOV
(SL III)
05/02/1996 Unqualified physician user.
Washington Hosptial, PA
EA-02-244
NOV
(SL III)
11/26/2002 On November 26, 2002, a Notice of Violation was issued for a Severity Level III violation involving the failure to properly prepare written directives on multiple occasions for brachytherapy treatments.
Washington Hospital Center, DC
EA-06-029
NOV
(SL III)
05/04/2006 On May 4, 2006, a Notice of Violation was issued for a Severity Level III violation involving deliberate failure to secure from unauthorized removal and failure to maintain constant surveillance over licensed material. Specifically, the lock on the door to the hot lab, a controlled area which contained licensed material, had been deliberately disabled with tape to allow ease of access and the hot lab was left unattended with the door lock disabled.
Washington Hospital Center, DC
EA-04-157
NOV
(SL III)
02/15/2005 On February 15, 2005, a Notice of Violation was issued for a willful Severity Level III violation involving the use of licensed radioactive material in humans by an individual who was not an authorized user and who was not under the supervision of an authorized user.
Washington Hospital Center, DC
EA-98-555
NOVCP
(SL III)

$ 5,500
03/31/1999 Loss of nuclear packemaker.
Washington Hospital Center, DC
EA-98-145
NOVCP
(SL III)

$ 2,750
04/28/1998 Unauthorized disposal of radioactive waste, failure to secure waste, and failure to label waste.
Washington Hospital Center, DC
EA-96-385
NOVCP
(SL III)

$ 5,000
04/10/1997 Multiple instances of failure to measure employee thyroid burdens, and failure to provide adequate training in this area; and the loss of an iodine-125 seed, failure to perform an adequate survey in an attempt to recover the missing seed, and failure to notify the NRC of the loss of the material.
Western X-Ray Corporation, CA
EA-07-277; EA-07-278
NOV
(SL III)
02/15/2008 On February 15, 2008, a Notice of Violation was issued for two Severity Level III violations. The first violation involved a failure to certify an individual who acted as the radiographer of record while performing industrial radiography. The second violation involved a failure to wear an operating alarm ratemeter by an individual who acted as the radiographer's assistant during radiographic operations. Specifically, on April 23, 2007, the individual acting as the radiographer of record was not certified as a radiographer and the individual acting as the assistant radiographer of record was not wearing an operating ratemeter at all times during radiographic operations, while performing industrial radiography on an offshore platform in federal waters.
Weatherford International, Inc., TX
EA-01-030
NOV
(SL III)
02/05/2001 On February 5, 2001, a Notice of Violation was issued for a Severity Level III violation involving the failure of Weatherford International, Inc., a licensee of the State of Louisiana, to file NRC Form 241, " Report of Proposed Activities in Non-Agreement State," prior to conducting well logging operations using americum-241/beryllium sealed sources in offshore waters in areas of Federal jurisdiction.
West Virginia University Hospitals Inc.
EA-11-027
NOV
(SL III)
03/25/2011 On March 25, 2011, the NRC issued a Notice of Violation to West Virginia University Hospitals Inc. (WVUH) for a Severity Level III violation involving the failure to notify the NRC Operations Center by telephone no later than the next calendar day after discovery of the medical event as required by 10 CFR 35.3045(c). Specifically, WVUH did not notify the NRC until July 7, 2010, after discovering that a dose administered on January 20, 2010 differed from the prescribed dose.
West Virginia University, WV
EA-99-300
NOVCP
(SL III)

$ 2,750
02/04/2000 On February 4, 2000, a Notice of Violation and Proposed Imposition of Civil Penalty of $2,750 was issued for a Severity Level III violation based on failure to secure, limit access to, or maintain constant surveillance of licensed material stored in the Civil Engineering Building and four research laboratories.
Western Colorado Testing, CO
EA-96-459
NOVCP
(SL III)

$ 2,500
06/13/1997 Willful failure to file for reciprocity.
CPORDER
$ 2,500
10/28/1997
Western Soil, Inc., PR
EA-99-262
NOVCP
(SL III)

$ 2,750
11/24/1999 A Notice of Violation and Proposed Imposition of Civil Penalty of $2,750 was issued for licensee's failure to maintain surveillance of licensed material (gauge).
CPORDER
$ 2,750
04/12/2000
Westinghouse Electric Company, SC
(Hematite Facility)
EA-03-182
NOV
(SL III)
12/22/2003 On December 22, 2003, a Notice of Violation was issued for a Severity Level III violation involving two examples of the failure to follow enhanced work plans for decommissioning activities specific to the preparation of contaminated materials for shipping to a metal recycling facility.
Wheeling Hospital, Inc., WV
EA-00-187
NOV
(SL III)
10/12/2000 On October 12, 2000, a Notice of Violation for a Severity Level III was issued. The action was based on the failure to maintain adequate security or control of licensed materials (brachytherapy device and transportation container).
Wilcox Associates, Inc., MI
EA-08-215, EA-08-267
NOV
(SL III)
11/07/2008 On November 7, 2008, a Notice of Violation was issued for a Severity Level III violation. The violation involved two examples of the failure to use a minimum of two independent physical controls that form tangible barriers to secure a portable gauge whenever the gauge was not under the control and constant surveillance of the licensee as required in 10 CFR 30.34(i). Specifically, the first example involved using a single barrier, only one lock, to secure the gauge transport case to an unlocked closed-bed pickup truck. The second example involved using a single barrier, only one lock, to secure a gauge in a locked cage.
Wilcox Associates, Inc., MI
EA-96-257
NOV
(SL III)
09/03/1996 Moisture density gauge technician did not secure or maintain constrant surveillance of a device which contained NRC-licensed material.
Wilcox Memorial Hospital, HI
EA-02-056
NOV
(SL III)
04/25/2002 On April 25, 2002, a Notice of Violation was issued for a Severity Level III violation involving the failure to secure from unauthorized removal or limit access to licensed material (curie quantities of molybdenum-99) and the failure to control and maintain constant surveillance of this licensed material.
William Beaumont
Hospital, MI
EA-11-163
NOV
(SL III)
09/02/2011 On September 2, 2011, the NRC issued a Notice of Violation to William Beaumont Hospital for a Severity Level III violation involving the failure to develop written procedures to provide high confidence that each administration was in accordance with the written directive as required by 10 CFR 35.41(a). Specifically, as of May 5, 2011, the licensee’s written procedures for yttrium-90 treatments did not specify how personnel should administer a treatment using a fine bore catheter and a high concentration of microspheres in order to prevent blockage within the catheter.
William Beaumont
Hospital, MI
EA-04-129
NOV
(SL III)
09/14/2004 On September 14, 2004, a Notice of Violation was issued for a Severity Level III violation involving the administration of a dosage of liquid iodine-131 to a patient for a thyroid uptake study that was approximately 90 times larger than the 10-microcurie dosage prescribed by the authorized user physician.
Windham Community Memorial Hospital, CT
EA-97-392
NOV
(SL III)
02/06/1998 Falsification of dose calibrator calibration records.
Windsor Service, Inc., PA
EA-97-596
NOV
(SL III)
12/22/1997 Management breakdown.
Wisconsin Centrifugal, WI
EA-98-318
NOV
(SL III)
06/17/1998 Failure to secure licensed material.
Wisconsin-Oshkosh, University, WI
EA-98-100
NOV
(SL III)
03/27/1998 Programmatic breakdown.
Wittnauer Worldwide, LP, Bridgeton, MO
EA-13-240
NOV
(SL III)
10/24/2014 On October 24, 2014, the NRC issued a Notice of Violation to Wittnauer Worldwide, LP for a Severity Level III violation. The violation involved the licensee's failure to complete decommissioning of the waste storage location within 24 months following the initiation of decommissioning as required by 10 CFR 30.36. Specifically, Wittnauer's license, which authorized possession only of waste material at a storage location in San Juan, Puerto Rico, expired on February 28, 2010, but the licensee did not complete decommissioning of the site until August 13, 2014, a period greater than 24 months.
Wood River Medical Center, ID
EA-97-613
NOVCP
(SL III)
04/27/1998 Violations indicative of breakdown in control of license program.
Worthington Industries, Inc.
EA-04-140
NOV
(SL III)
08/23/2004 On August 23, 2004, a Notice of Violation was issued for a Severity Level III violation involving the sale and transfer of ownership of two generally licensed gauges (containing approximately 1.0 curie each of americium-241) without providing the new owner with the required safety documents identified in the label on the device.
Wyatt Engineering, Inc., ID
EA-98-157
NOV
(SL III)
06/19/1998 Conducted licensed activities in the state of Idaho without an NRC license or reciprocity agreement.
Page Last Reviewed/Updated Tuesday, December 02, 2014