United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission - Protecting People and the Environment

AREVA Enrichment Services, LLC Gas Centrifuge Facility

On December 30, 2008, AREVA Enrichment Services, LLC (a subsidiary of AREVA NC, Inc.), submitted an application to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), seeking a license to construct and operate a gas centrifuge uranium enrichment facility in the United States. Specifically, AREVA Enrichment Services (AES) has selected a site in Bonneville County, Idaho, for its new facility, which will be known as the Eagle Rock Enrichment Facility. For details, contact us or see the following topics on this page:

On this page:

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Regulation and Legislation

In 1990, Congress passed the Solar, Wind, Waste, and Geothermal Power Production Incentives Act. Among other things, that legislation amended the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 to require licensing of uranium enrichment facilities under NRC regulations in Title 10, Parts 40 and 70, of the Code of Federal Regulations (10 CFR Part 40 and 10 CFR Part 70). The Act also stated that the construction and operation of a uranium enrichment facility is considered a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment for the purposes of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA). Therefore, an environmental impact statement (EIS) needs to be prepared for this type of facility, and an adjudicatory hearing must be completed before issuing a license for its construction and operation. In addition, the Act requires the applicant to obtain public liability insurance for the facility, and requires the NRC to inspect the facility before operations begin to ensure that the plant is constructed to meet the license requirements.

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License Application

AES submitted its license application and environmental report for the Eagle Rock gas centrifuge enrichment facility on December 30, 2008. On April 24, 2009, AES resubmitted the application to request an enrichment capacity increase from 3.3 million separative work units (SWU) per year to 6.6 million SWU per year. The facility is to be located in Bonneville County, Idaho.

On July 23, 2009, the Commission issued an Order initiating the AES proceeding applicable to its application for a uranium enrichment plant. The Order offers an opportunity for a hearing; a 30-month licensing review schedule; instructions for potential parties to the proceeding regarding access to documents that contain sensitive unclassified non-safeguards information and safeguards information; and addressed several policy issues applicable to uranium enrichment facility licensing.

On August 10, 2009, NRC sent to AES a Request for Additional Information (RAI) on the environmental report. AES submitted its response to the RAI on September 9, 2009. In addition, on September 18, 2009, AES submitted its Unanticipated Discovery Plan in response to the RAI. And, on September 25, 2009, AES submitted its response to RAI-1 and RAI-3.

On August 26, 2009, an RAI on the license application was sent to AES. AES submitted its response to the RAI on September 28, 2009.

The following is a list of the revisions to the Safety Analysis Report and the Environmental Report:

Safety Analysis Report
Revision 1 April 24, 2009
Revision 2 April 30, 2010
Revision 3 May 16, 2011
Environmental Report
Revision 1 April 24, 2009
Revision 2 April 30, 2010
Revision 3 May 16, 2011

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Safety Evaluation Report

In September 2010, the NRC staff completed its technical safety and security reviews of the AES license application. The results of the review are documented in the Safety Evaluation Report for the Eagle Rock Enrichment Facility in Bonneville County, Idaho, AREVA Enrichment Services LLC, (NUREG-1951).

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Environmental Review

As required by NEPA, the NRC develops an environmental impact statement (EIS) for "major Federal actions significantly affecting the quality of the human environment." Licensing a uranium enrichment facility is considered a "major Federal action" and, therefore, requires an EIS. For more information about NEPA and the environmental review process, see Frequently Asked Questions About NRC's Role under the National Environmental Policy Act.

The NRC staff held a public meeting on the scope of the EIS for the proposed Eagle Rock Enrichment Facility (EREF) on June 6, 2009, in Idaho Falls, Idaho. The public was encouraged to provide comments and information for the NRC’s scoping process. The Scoping Summary Report was issued on September 11, 2009.

In July 2010, the NRC staff issued its Draft EIS for the proposed EREF. Comments on this document from the public were requested; the public comment period ended on September 13, 2010. Also, public meetings to obtain comments were held on August 9 and August 12, 2010, in Boise and Idaho Falls, Idaho, respectively. The meeting transcript and other information are available, see Public Involvement.

In February 2011, the NRC staff issued its Final EIS for the proposed EREF (NUREG-1945, Volume 1 and Volume 2). In the Final EIS, the staff analyzed the environmental impacts from the proposed EREF and determined that the impacts would be mostly small. In preparing the Final EIS, the staff addressed approximately 1,150 comments on the Draft EIS that were received from approximately 220 government officials and agencies, nongovernmental organizations, and members of the general public.

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Issuance of License

The Atomic Safety and Licensing Board (ASLB) presided over the mandatory hearing concerning the staff's safety and environmental reviews. The ASLB made its decision authorizing the staff to issue a license for the AES Eagle Rock Enrichment Facility on October 7, 2011. The NRC staff issued a license (SNM-2015) to AES to construct and operate the Eagle Rock Enrichment Facility on October 12, 2011.

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Correspondence and Other Information

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Date Description
10/12/2011 License for the AREVA Enrichment Services Eagle Rock Enrichment Facility
06/27/2011 Revision 5 of the Quality Assurance Program Description for the Eagle Rock Enrichment Facility
05/16/2011 License Application Revision 3 and Quality Assurance Program Description Revision 5
04/07/2011 Surface Soil Sampling for the Eagle Rock Enrichment Facility
03/01/2011 Response to Request for Additional Information for Revised Quality Assurance Program Description
02/02/2011 Request for Additional Information for AREVA Enrichment Services Eagle Rock Enrichment Facility Revised Quality Assurance Program Description Incorporating the 10 CFR Part 21 Exemption
01/31/2011 Liability Insurance Coverage for Construction
07/28/2010 Approval of AREVA Enrichment Services’ Part 21 Exemption Request
07/16/2010 Supplemental Response for NRC Request for Additional Information Number HFE-1
07/13/2010 Supplemental Response to Requests for Additional Information
07/09/2010 Approval of Request to Withhold Information from Public Disclosure
06/29/2010 Supplemental Information - Categorization of Load Cells as IROFS and Quality Assurance Requirements for Enhanced Administrative IROFS
06/22/2010 Approval of Request to Withhold Information from Public Disclosure
06/05/2010 Follow-Up Response to Quality Assurance Requirements for Fire Protection Items Relied on for Safety
06/01/2010 Approval of Request to Withhold Information from Public Disclosure
05/14/2010 Supplemental Sage Grouse Survey Report
05/12/2010 Supplemental Response to Request for Additional Information
04/30/2010 License Application Revision 2, including Quality Assurance Program Description Revision 3
04/21/2010 Environmental Report Supplement - Radiochemical Analysis for the EREF Site Groundwater; Revised Thorium Results
04/08/2010 Quality Assurance Program Description
03/30/2010 Notice of Organization Change for the Eagle Rock Enrichment Facility License Application
03/25/2010 Quality Assurance Requirements for Fire Protection Items Relied on for Safety
03/17/2010 Approval of Preconstruction Exemption Request
03/10/2010 Physical Protection Guidance
03/03/2010 Approval of Request to Withhold Information from Public Disclosure
02/26/2010 Issuance of Order Imposing Requirements for Reviewing Official for Implementation of Safeguards Information Program
02/19/2010 Treatment plan for Historic Site MW004 and Analysis of Obsidian Artifacts
02/18/2010 Supplemental Information - Revised Appendix H, EREF 161-KV Transmission Line Project
02/16/2010 Environmental Review Considerations and Schedule Impacts Associated with Changes to the Environmental Report for the Proposed AREVA Eagle Rock Enrichment Facility
01/29/2010 Request for Exemption from 10 CFR 21.3, Definitions, for "Commercial Grade Item, Basic Component, Critical Characteristic, Dedication, and Dedicating Entity"
01/29/2010 Supplemental Information - EREF 161-KV Transmission Line (Revised Response to Environmental Report RAI #4)
01/20/2010 Request for Early Approval of the Physical Security Plan
01/20/2010 Approval of Request to Withhold Information from Public Disclosure
01/19/2010 License Application Change - EREF Transmission Lines
01/12/2010 Request for Additional Information – Fundamental Nuclear Material Control Plan, Revision 1, Chapter 9, Unauthorized Enrichment Prevention Program
01/07/2010 Re-categorizing Safe-by-Design Components
12/04/2009 Supplemental Information- New Appendix H, EREF 161-KV Transmission Line Project
11/23/2009 Supplemental Response – Preconstruction Activities Supplemental Information and Other Matters - Amount of Uranium in Liquid Waste Effluents, Treated Domestic Sanitary Wastewater Sampling; and Liquid Effluent Collection and Treatment System Evaporator Sediment Sampling.
11/16/2009 Supplemental Response – Environmental Report RAI#2 Revised Response
10/30/2009 Request for Expedited Approval of Quality Assurance Program Description
10/25/2009 Approval of Request to Withhold Information from Public Disclosure
10/15/2009 Response to Request for Additional Information on Exemption Request Related to Commencement of Construction
09/28/2009 Response to Request for Additional Information on License Application for the Eagle Rock Enrichment Facility
09/30/2009 Construction Inspection Requirements
09/30/2009 Approval of Request to Withhold Information from Public Disclosure
09/25/2009 Response to Request for Additional Information- Environmental Report for the Eagle Rock Enrichment Facility- RAI 1 and RAI 3
09/18/2009 Response to Request for Additional Information on Environmental Report for the Eagle Rock Enrichment Facility, Unanticipated Discovery Plan
09/14/2009 Request for Additional Information for the Eagle Rock Enrichment Facility Exemption Request Related to Commencement of Construction
09/09/2009 Response to Requests for Additional Information- AREVA Enrichment Services LLC Environmental Report for the Eagle Rock Enrichment Facility
08/26/2009 Request for Additional Information – License Application for the Eagle Rock Enrichment Facility
08/18/2009 Supplement to Eagle Rock Enrichment Facility License Application - Depth to Groundwater Measurements from the Monitoring Wells on the Site for the Proposed Eagle Rock Enrichment Facility.
08/12/2009 Approval of Request to Withhold Information from Public Disclosure
08/10/2009 Request for Additional Information- Environmental Report for the Eagle Rock Enrichment Facility
07/31/2009 Supplement to Eagle Rock Enrichment Facility License Application – Groundwater Analytical Data - Winter and Spring 2009, Ecology Field Study Report - Winter and Spring 2009, and Combined Geotechnical Report, Revision 6
07/23/2009 Notice of Receipt of Application for License; Notice of Consideration of Issuance of License; Notice of Hearing and Commission Order; and Order Imposing Procedures for Access to Sensitive Unclassified Non-Safeguards Information and Safeguards Information for Contention Preparation
07/07/2009 Response to Information Needs Identified by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission for the AREVA Enrichment Services Eagle Rock Enrichment Facility - Environmental Report
06/22/2009 Additional Site Characterization Activities
06/17/2009 Request for Exemption from 10 CFR 70.4, 10 CFR 70.23(a)(7), 10 CFR 30.4, 10 CFR 30.33(a)(5), 10 CFR 40.4, and 10 CFR 40.32(e) Requirements Governing “Commencement of Construction”
06/15/2009 Notice of Organization Change for Eagle Rock Enrichment Facility License Application
04/06/2009 Identification of Potential Impacts to the Eagle Rock Enrichment Facility License Application to Reflect Expansion in Capacity
03/31/2009 Notice of Intent to Submit Revision to Eagle Rock Enrichment Facility License Application to Expand Capacity
03/12/2009 License Application for Eagle Rock Enrichment Facility-Acknowledgement of Receipt

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Public Involvement

Meeting Schedule

For upcoming meetings, see our Public Meeting Schedule. Information for the meetings on this page are available at this Web site or in ADAMS if an accession number is given.

Meeting Archive

The following table lists, in chronological order, the public meetings that the NRC staff has conducted in regard to the application and licensing processes for the AREVA Eagle Rock gas centrifuge enrichment facility.

Meetings and Other Interactions Between AREVA and NRC
Meeting Date Subject
04/04/2011

Conference Call Clarification of Responses to Request for Additional Information Responses - Revised Quality Assurance Program Description

03/30/2011

Management Meeting: Discuss AREVA Enrichment Services’ Application for Gas Centrifuge Uranium Enrichment Facility Proposed for Bonneville County, Idaho

08/12/2010

Meeting Summary: Public Comment Meeting: Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed AREVA Eagle Rock Enrichment Facility in Idaho Falls, ID

08/09/2010

Meeting Summary: Public Comment Meeting: Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed AREVA Eagle Rock Enrichment Facility in Boise, ID

05/12/2010

Management Meeting: Discuss AREVA Enrichment Services’ Application for Gas Centrifuge Uranium Enrichment Facility Proposed for Bonneville County, Idaho

04/27/2010

Conference Call Clarification of Request for Exemption from 10 CFR 21.3 Definitions

03/29/2010

Conference Call Clarification of Responses to Request for Additional Information—Fundamental Nuclear Material Control Plan

03/08/2010

Conference Call to Discuss Responses to Request for Additional Information—Nuclear Criticality Safety

02/25/2010

Conference Call to Discuss Responses to Request for Additional Information—Nuclear Criticality Safety

12/22/2009

Conference Call to Discuss Safe-By-Design

11/23/2009

Conference Call to Discuss Response to Request for Additional Information-- Fire Protection

11/05/2009

Meeting: Department of Energy Presentation on Safeguards by Design for Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plants related to AREVA’s Application for a Gas Centrifuge Uranium Enrichment Facility

10/30/2009

Conference Call to Discuss Physical Security Plan

10/22/2009

Conference Call to Discuss Transmission Lines

10/02/2009

Management Meeting: Discuss AREVA Enrichment Services’ Application for Gas Centrifuge Uranium Enrichment Facility Proposed for Bonneville County, Idaho

10/06/2009

Conference Call to Discuss Environmental Review Request for Additional Information

09/14/2009

Meeting Notice: Discuss AREVA Enrichment Services’ Application for Gas Centrifuge Uranium Enrichment Facility Proposed for Bonneville County, Idaho.

08/24/2009

Conference Call to Discuss Environmental Report Request for Additional Information

08/20/2009

Conference Call to Discuss Draft Request for Additional Information – Management Measures

07/07/2009

Closed Meeting Notice:  Meeting with AREVA Enrichment Services to Review and Discuss the Documentation Supporting the Eagle Rock Enrichment Facility Integrated Safety Analysis

07/01/2009

Conference Call to Discuss Human Factors Engineering

06/19/2009

Conference Call to Discuss Environmental Review Information Needs-Socioeconomics and Waste Management

06/04/2009

Meeting Summary: Public Scoping Meeting: Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed AREVA Eagle Rock Enrichment Facility

05/28/2009

Conference Call to Discuss Environmental Review Information Needs-Transportation, Noise, Air Quality, and Water Use

12/10/2008

Meeting Summary: Public Outreach Meeting on the Licensing Process

12/09/2008 Meeting Summary: AREVA NC Eagle Rock Enrichment Facility-Meetings With Local Officials in Idaho
11/09/2007 Meeting Summary: AREVA NC, Inc. Environmental Review Issues
05/21/2007 Meeting Summary: AREVA NC Pre-Application Discussion

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Page Last Reviewed/Updated Tuesday, October 21, 2014