United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission - Protecting People and the Environment

C.7 Tables

C.7 Tables

Table C.1 Sparseness and proximity measures used to classify potential case study sites
Sparseness
  Category  
Most sparse 1. <40 persons per square mile and no community with 25,000 or more persons within 20 miles
  2. 40 to 60 persons per square mile and no community with 25,000 or more persons within 20 miles
  3. 60 to 120 persons per square mile or less than 60 persons per square mile with at least one community with 25,000 or more persons within 20 miles
Least sparse 4. > 120 persons per square mile within 20 miles
Proximity
  Category  
Not in close proximity 1. No city with 100,000 or more persons and <50 persons per square mile within 50 miles
  2. No city with 100,000 or more persons and between 50 and 190 persons per square mile within 50 miles
  3. One or more cities with 100,000 or more persons and <190 persons per square mile within 50 miles
In close proximity 4. > 190 persons per square mile within 50 miles

Source: Adapted from NUREG/CR-2239.
Note: Metric equivalents are as follows:
1 square mile = 2.6 km2
20 miles = 32 km
50 miles = 80 km

Table C.2 Population classification of each potential case study site
Low Arkansas
Big Rock Point
Cooper
Hatch
Wolf Creek
Medium Bellefonte
Crystal River
Diablo Canyon
Oconee
St. Lucie
High Calvert Cliffs
D. C. Cook
Indian Point
Nine Mile Point
Peach Bottom
Rancho Seco
San Onofre
Surry
Three Mile Island
Source: Staff computations.

 

Table C.3 Case study sites
Site Population size Location Year(s) licensed
Arkansas Low Arkansas 1974, 1978
Wolf Creek Low Kansas 1985
Diablo Canyon Medium California 1984, 1985
Oconee Medium South Carolina 1973, 1973, 1974
D. C. Cook High Michigan 1974, 1977
Indian Point High New York 1973, 1976
Three Mile Island High Pennsylvania 1974
Source: Staff computations; NUREG-0020, vol. 9.

 

Table C.4 Currenta operating-period employment at nuclear power plants
Employment One-unit plants Two-unit plants Three-unit plants
Minimum 201 467 1750
Maximum 1800 2500 3340
Mean 832 1247 2404
(Number of plants) (34) (28) (4)
aApproximately half the respondents reported data for 1989 and half for 1990.
Source: ORNL/NUMARC survey of all utilities (see Section C.1.3).

 

Table C.5 Changes in mean operating-period employment at nuclear power plants over time
Time One-unit plantsa Two-unit plantsa Three-unit plantsa
1989/1990b 832 (34) 1247 (28) 2404 (4)
1985-1989 841 (30) 1094 (26) 2095 (4)
1980-1984 447 (19) 946 (21) 1078 (3)
1975-1979 233 (17) 515 (16) 699 (3)
aNumber in parentheses indicates number of plants providing data.
bApproximately half the respondents reported data for 1989 and half for 1990.
Source: ORNL/NUMARC survey of all utilities (see Section C.1.3).

 

Table C.6 Employment, cost, and time associated with typical planned outage at nuclear power plants
Employment Total no. of workers Cost ($ x 106) Length of outage (days)
Minimum 60 4.5 32
Maximum 2600 56.5 139
Mean 783 21.7 76
(Number of plants) (58) (39) (62)
Source: ORNL/NUMARC survey of all utilities (see Section C.1.3).

 

Table C.7 Employment, cost, and time associated with an in-service inspection outage at nuclear power plants
Employment Total no. of workers Cost ($ x 106) Length of outage (days)
Minimum 35 1.6 16
Maximum 1986 40.0 325
Mean 734 22.0 107
(Number of plants) (23) (14) (27)
Source: ORNL/NUMARC survey of all utilities (see Section C.1.3).

 

Table C.8 Employment, cost, and time associated with largest single outage at nuclear power plants
Employment Total no. of workers Cost ($ x 106) Length of outage (days)
Minimum 80 5.4 43
Maximum 3000 210.0 1,004
Mean 1223 53.7 199
(Number of plants) (45) (30) (41)
Source: ORNL/NUMARC survey of all utilities (see Section C.1.3).

 

Table C.9 Currenta assessed value of nuclear power plants (in dollars)
One-unit plants Two-unit plants Three-unit plants
Minimum 8,309,867 16,619,733 40,514,729
Maximum 4,351,797,390 8,023,653,676 12,035,480,510
Mean 732,615,112 1,113,824,421 4,283,239,036
(Number of plants) (23) (21) (4)
aApproximately half the respondents reported data for 1989 and half for 1990.
Source: ORNL/NUMARC survey of all utilities (see Section C.1.3).
Table C.10 Past assessed value of nuclear power plants (in dollars)
  One-unit plants Two-unit plants Three-unit plants
Value 1980 1985 1980 1985 1980 1985
Minimum 6,542,066 7,957,867 13,084,133 15,915,733 341,222,806 1,147,319,438
Maximum 460,383,107 2,195,586,755 4,309,013,892 6,645,073,248 6,463,520,838 9,967,609,872
Mean 137,952,092 409,168,905 497,568,490 943,272,817 2,454,988,141 4,281,860,682
(Number of plants) (17) (19) (19) (19) (3) (3)
Source: ORNL/NUMARC survey of all utilities (see Section C.1.3).

 

Table C.11 Currenta taxes paid by nuclear power plants (in dollars)
  One-unit plants Two-unit plants Three-unit plants
Minimum local 19,000 16,617 5,510,003
Minimum state 229,000 42,183 10,215,660
Minimum total 19,000 750,000 5,510,003
       
Maximum local 33,786,685 34,132,316 91,262,791
Maximum state 37,540,707 92,792,182 139,118,273
Maximum total 52,000,000 92,792,182 139,118,273
       
Mean local 8,740,879 8,172,250 48,386,397
Mean state 14,600,201 28,011,507 74,701,967
Mean total 12,647,941 19,360,839 69,066,815
       
(No. paying local taxes) (21) (19) (2)
(No. paying state taxes) (6) (9) (2)
(Total no. reporting) (29) (23) (4)
aApproximately half the respondents reported data for 1989 and half for 1990.
Source: ORNL/NUMARC survey of all utilities (see Section C.1.3).

 

Table C.12 Past taxes paid by nuclear power plants (in dollars)
  One-unit plants Two-unit plants Three-unit plants
  1980 1985 1980 1985 1980 1985
Minimum local 77,196 21,000 11,624 13,765 10,373,174 30,059,769
Minimum state 182,564 184,000 35,355 37,813 4,265,285 4,589,278
Minimum total 529,692 21,000 617,000 695,000 13,221,211 34,649,047
             
Maximum local 9,832,452 16,273,095 10,800,000 27,969,568 10,373,174 30,059,769
Maximum state 33,266,428 37,487,911 66,532,857 75,299,185 68,205,671 112,948,777
Maximum total 33,343,625 37,615,236 66,687,249 75,299,185 68,205,671 112,948,777
             
Mean local 3,720,242 6,240,207 4,156,061 7,527,656 10,373,174 30,059,769
Mean state 12,039,844 12,962,231 17,264,470 25,825,159 36,235,478 58,769,028
Mean total 5,184,430 8,400,823 10,807,676 17,441,883 32,021,780 61,238,849
             
(No. paying local taxes) (15) (19) (16) (16) (1) (1)
(No. paying state taxes) (3) (5) (8) (8) (2) (2)
(Total no. reporting) (20) (25) (21) (21) (3) (3)
Source: ORNL/NUMARC survey of all utilities (see Section C.1.3).

 

Table C.13 Population growth associated with Arkansas Nuclear One: Pope County, Arkansas, 1970-1989
  Work force Project-related in-migrant populationa County's total populationb Increase as % of total
Year Construction Operations Total      
1970 420 0 420 846 28,607 3.0
1974 1,100 248 1,348 2,756 33,200 8.3
1975 928 293 1,221 2,576 33,600 7.7
1980 0 462 462 682 39,021 1.7
1985 0 1,984 1,984 2,736 42,109 6.5
1989 0 2,205 2,205 3,418 45,883c 7.4
aIncludes both direct and indirect workers and their families.
bPopulation assumed to grow at a constant annual rate between known points.
c1990 U.S. Census figure used.
Sources: NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 1, pp. 20, 26, and 86; AP&L 1990; ORNL staff computations.

 

Table C.14 Estimated plant-related population growth in Pope County, Arkansas, 1989
Direct growth  
Number of direct workers 2205
Number of study area residents (90% of total) 1985
Number of in-migrants (56.2% of residents) 1116
Number of in-migrants with families (60%) 670
Average family size x 3.06
Total in-migrants plus families 2050
Number of in-migrants without families (40%) +446
Total direct growth 2496
   
Indirect growth  
Ratio indirect/direct jobs 0.39
Number of indirect workers 860
Number of study area residents (96% of total) 826
Number of in-migrants (55% of residents) 454
Number of in-migrants with families (50%) 227
Average family size x 3.06
Total in-migrants plus families 695
Number of in-migrants without families (50%) +227
Total indirect growth 922
   
Total growth  
Total direct growth 2496
Total indirect growth + 922
Total estimated plant-related growth 3418
Sources: Number of direct workers and percentage of study area residents from AP&L 1990. Average family size from 1990 U.S. Census of Population. Other data from NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 1, pp. 56-86; ORNL staff computations.

 

Table C.15 Projected refurbishment-related population growth in Pope County, Arkansas, 2013
Direct growth  
Number of direct workers 2273
Number of study area residents (65% of total) 1477
Number of in-migrants (56.2% of residents) 830
Number of in-migrants with families (60%) 498
Average family size x 3.06
Total in-migrants plus families 1524
Number of in-migrants without families (40%) +332
Total direct growth 1856
   
Indirect growth  
Ratio indirect/direct jobs 0.208
Number of indirect workers 473
Number of study area residents (96% of total) 454
Number of in-migrants (54.2% of residents) 246
Number of in-migrants with families (50%) 123
Average family size x 3.06
Total in-migrants plus families 376
Number of in-migrants without families (50%) 123
Total indirect growth 499
   
Total growth  
Total direct growth 1856
Total indirect growth 400
Total projected refurbishment-related growth 2355
Sources: Direct workers from SEA 1994. Average family size from 1990 U.S. Census of Population. Other data from NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 1, pp. 56-86; ORNL staff computations.

 

Table C.16 Projected plant-related population growth in Pope County, Arkansas, during the license renewal term
Direct growth  
Number of direct workers 120
Number of study area residents (90% of total) 108
Number of in-migrants (56.2% of residents) 61
Number of in-migrants with families (60%) 37
Average family size x 3.06
Total in-migrants plus families 113
Number of in-migrants without families (40%) +24
Total direct growth 137
   
Indirect growth  
Ratio indirect/direct jobs 0.39
Number of indirect workers 47
Number of study area residents (96% of total) 45
Number of in-migrants (55% of residents) 25
Number of in-migrants with families (50%) 13
Average family size x 3.06
Total in-migrants plus families 40
Number of in-migrants without families (50%) +12
Total indirect growth 52
   
Total growth  
Total direct growth 137
Total indirect growth +52
Total estimated operations-related growth 189
Sources: Direct workers from NRC work force estimates (1989). Average family size from 1990 U.S. Census of Population. Other data from NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 1, pp. 56-86; ORNL staff computations.

 

Table C.17 Arkansas Nuclear One (ANO) station assessed value and taxes paid to Pope County, 1968-1989, in current dollars
 

Assessed value ($)

ANO valuation as % of county valuation Millage Taxes paid by ANO ($)
Year Pope County ANO      
1968 17,100,000 930,053 5.4 .057 53,093
1972 52,607,000 25,817,219 49.1 .064 1,652,302
1976 136,640,000 100,589,373 73.6 .059 5,934,773
1980 193,993,250 142,718,270 73.6 .0107 1,529,051
1985 334,683,819 173,679,771 51.9 .0091 1,583,831
1989 410,290,842 189,419,497 46.2 .0064 1,204,632
Sources: NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 1; Duval 1990; Rye 1990.



Table C.18 Arkansas Nuclear One (ANO) Station project revenue impact to Russellville School District
Year Total assessed valuation ($ x 106) School district revenues ($ x 103) ANO revenues as % of
    Total Property taxes ANO taxes Property taxes Total revenuesa
1968 14.9 NAb 745 46.5 6.2 NA
1970 19.9 NA 995 189.2 19.0 NA
1972 44.3 2600 2215 1290.9 58.3 49.7
1974 81.7 4958 4085 3246.6 79.5 65.5
1976 125.6 7898 6280 5029.5 80.1 63.7
1977 142.2 8740 7110 5739.6 80.7 65.7
1980 NA NA NA 6950.2 NA NA
1985 NA NA NA 6816.1 NA NA
1989 341.1 12,574 7675 5222.3 68.0 41.5
aTotal revenues consist of revenues from property assessments and state and federal funding sources.
bNA = not applicable.
Source: NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 1; Pope County 1980, 1985, and 1989; Rye 1990; Duval 1990.

 

Table C.19 Estimated economic effects of Arkansas Nuclear One on Pope County
  1974 1978 1989
Employment
Direct basic 889 772 1,985
Indirect 75 127 826
Total 964 899 2,811
Percentage of study area employment 6.4 5.3 11.6

Income (1989 $)

Direct 20,679,000 26,656,000 73,713,000
Indirect 1,886,000 3,421,000 12,446,000
Total 22,565,000 30,077,000 86,159,000
Percentage of study area income 7.5 7.8 14.3
Source: For 1974 and 1978 estimates, NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 1. The 1989 estimate is based on the approach used in the Mountain West study.



Table C.20 Projected employment effects of Arkansas Nuclear One (ANO) refurbishment on Pope County, 2013
Refurbishment direct employment 1477
Refurbishment indirect employment 454
Total ANO-related employment 1931
Percentage of Pope County employment 5.8
Source: ORNL staff computations based on the approach used in the Mountain West study (NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 1).


Table C.21 Projected employment effects of Arkansas Nuclear One license renewal on Pope County, 2013
Existing total direct and indirect plant-related employment 2811
Increase in direct employment 108
Increase in indirect employment 45
Total plant-related employment 2964
Percentage of Pope County employment 8.9
Source: ORNL staff computations based on the approach used in the Mountain West study (NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 1).


Table C.22 Population growth associated with D. C. Cook: Bridgman/Lake Township and Berrien County, 1970-1990
 

Work force

Bridgman/Lake Township Berrien County
Year Construction Operations Total Project-related in-migrant populationa Area's total populationb Project-related population as % of total Project-related in-migrant populationa County's total populationb Project-related population as % of total
1970 914 24 938 61 3,767 1.6 802 163,875 0.5
1972 2,377 148 2,525 175 3,782 4.6 2,193 167,000 1.3
1975 292 279 571 72 3,910 1.8 595 170,100 0.3
1980 0 746 746 81 4,514 1.8 644 171,267 0.4
1985 0 1,110 1,110 108 4,386 2.5 877 163,600 0.5
1990 0 1,252 1,252 141 4,627 3.0 1,109 161,378 0.7
aIncludes both direct and indirect workers and families.
bPopulation assumed to grow at constant annual rate between known points.
Sources: NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 4, p. 115; Indiana and Michigan Power Company 1990; U.S. Bureau of the Census 1990; ORNL staff computations.



Table C.23 Estimated plant-related population growth in Bridgman/Lake Township, Michigan, 1990
Direct growth  
Number of direct workers 1252
Number of study area residents (10.6% of total) 133
Number of in-migrants (46% of residents) 61
Number of in-migrants with families (60%) 37
Average family size x 3.16
Total in-migrants plus families 117
Number of in-migrants without families (40%) +24
Total direct growth 141
Indirect growth  
Ratio indirect/direct jobs 0.339
Number of indirect workers 424
Number of study area residents (3.5% of total) 15
Number of in-migrants (0% of residents) 0
Number of in-migrants with families (0%) 0
Average family size x 3.16
Total in-migrants plus families 0
Number of in-migrants without families (0%) +0
Total indirect growth 0
Total growth  
Total direct growth 141
Total indirect growth +0
Total estimated plant-related growth 141
Sources: Number of direct workers from Indiana and Michigan Power Company 1990. Average family size from 1990 U.S. Census of Population. Other data from NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 4, pp. 88-115; ORNL staff computations.

 

Table C.24 Estimated plant-related population growth in Berrien County, Michigan, 1990
Direct growth  
Number of direct workers 1252
Number of study area residents (80% of total) 1002
Number of in-migrants (46% of residents) 461
Number of in-migrants with families (60%) 277
Average family size x 3.16
Total in-migrants plus families 875
Number of in-migrants without families (40%) +184
Total direct growth 1059
Indirect growth  
Ratio indirect/direct jobs 0.339
Number of indirect workers 424
Number of study area residents (95% of total) 403
Number of in-migrants (5.5% of residents) 22
Number of in-migrants with families (60%) 13
Average family size x 3.16
Total in-migrants plus families 41
Number of in-migrants without families (40%) +9
Total indirect growth 50
Total growth  
Total direct growth 1059
Total indirect growth +50
Total estimated plant-related growth 1109
Sources: Number of direct workers from Indiana and Michigan Power Company 1990. Average family size from 1990 U.S. Census of Population. Other data from NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 4, pp. 88-115; ORNL staff computations.

 

Table C.25 Projected refurbishment-related population growth in Berrien County, Michigan, 2014
Direct growth  
Number of direct workers 2273
Number of study area residents (66% of total) 1500
Number of in-migrants (55.3% of residents) 830
Number of in-migrants with families (50%) 415
Average family size x 3.16
Total in-migrants plus families 1311
Number of in-migrants without families (50%) +415
Total direct growth 1726
Indirect growth  
Ratio indirect/direct jobs 0.366
Number of indirect workers 832
Number of study area residents (95% of total) 790
Number of in-migrants (5.4% of residents) 43
Number of in-migrants with families (60%) 26
Average family size x 3.16
Total in-migrants plus families 82
Number of in-migrants without families (40%) +17
Total indirect growth 99
Total growth   
Total direct growth 1726
Total indirect growth 99
Total projected refurbishment-related growth 1825
Sources: Direct workers from SEA 1994. Average family size from 1990 U.S. Census of Population. Other data from NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 4, pp. 88-115; ORNL staff computations.

 

Table C.26 Projected refurbishment-related population growth in Bridgman/Lake Township, Michigan, 2014
Direct growth  
Number of direct workers 2273
Number of study area residents (5.4% of total) 123
Number of in-migrants (55.3% of residents) 68
Number of in-migrants with families (50%) 34
Average family size x 3.16
Total in-migrants plus families 107
Number of in-migrants without families (50%) + 34
Total direct growth 141
Indirect growth  
Ratio indirect/direct jobs 0.366
Number of indirect workers 832
Number of study area residents (3.5% of total) 29
Number of in-migrants (0% of residents) 0
Number of in-migrants with families (0%) 0
Average family size x 3.16
Total in-migrants plus families 0
Number of in-migrants without families (0%) + 0
Total indirect growth 0
Total growth  
Total direct growth 141
Total indirect growth 0
Total projected refurbishment-related growth 141
Sources: Direct workers from SEA 1994. Average family size from 1990 U.S. Census of Population. Other data from NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 4, pp. 88-115; ORNL staff computations.

Table C.27 Projected plant-related population growth in Berrien County, Michigan, during the license renewal term
Direct growth  
Number of direct workers 120
Number of study area residents (80% of total) 96
Number of in-migrants (46% of residents) 44
Number of in-migrants with families (60%) 26
Average family size x 3.16
Total in-migrants plus families 82
Number of in-migrants without families (40%) + 18
Total direct growth 100
Indirect growth  
Ratio indirect/direct jobs 0.339
Number of indirect workers 41
Number of study area residents (95% of total) 39
Number of in-migrants (5.4% of residents) 2
Number of in-migrants with families (60%) 1
Average family size x 3.16
Total in-migrants plus families 3
Number of in-migrants without families (40%) + 1
Total indirect growth 4
Total growth  
Total direct growth 100
Total indirect growth + 4
Total projected plant-related growth 104
Sources: Direct workers from NRC work force estimates (1989). Percentage of study area residents from Indiana and Michigan Power Company 1990. Average family size from 1990 U.S. Census of Population. Other data from NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 4, pp. 88-115; ORNL staff computations.

 

Table C.28 Projected plant-related population growth in Bridgman/Lake Township, Michigan, during the license renewal term
Direct growth   
Number of direct workers 120
Number of study area residents (10.6% of total) 13
Number of in-migrants (46% of residents) 6
Number of in-migrants with families (60%) 4
Average family size x 3.16
Total in-migrants plus families 13
Number of in-migrants without families (40%) + 2
Total direct growth 15
Indirect growth  
Ratio indirect/direct jobs 0.339
Number of indirect workers 41
Number of study area residents (3.5% of total) 1
Number of in-migrants (0% of residents) 0
Number of in-migrants with families (0%) 0
Average family size x 3.16
Total in-migrants plus families 0
Number of in-migrants without families (0%) + 0
Total indirect growth 0
Total growth
Total direct growth 15
Total indirect growth + 0
Total projected plant-related growth 15
Sources: Direct workers from NRC work force estimates (1989). Percentage of study area residents from Indiana and Michigan Power Company 1990. Average family size from 1990 U.S. Census of Population. Other data from NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 4, pp. 88-115; ORNL staff computations.

 

Table C.29 Berrien County revenues (constant 1988 dollars)
Fiscal year Property taxes State aid Charges for services Other Total
1967          
Amount ($) 7,668,000 NAa NA NA 10,343,653
Percentage of total revenues 74.1       100
1972          
Amount ($) 9,021,603 2,032,351 1,261,970 586,184 12,902,108
Percentage of total revenues 69.9 15.8 9.8 4.5 100
1978          
Amount ($) 10,651,576 5,959,953 1,845,206 2,253,562 20,710,297
Percentage of total revenues 51.4 28.8 8.9 10.9 100
1988          
Amount ($) 11,859,469 3,544,135b 3,079,413 1,803,630 20,289,597c
Percentage of total revenues 58.5 17.5 15.2 8.9 100

aNA = not applicable.
bThis state aid includes $1,975,440 from income tax diversion.
cThere was an unexplained discrepancy of $2950 in audit report for the year ending December 31, 1988.
Sources: NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 4; Berrien County 1989.

Table C.30 Equalized assessed valuation of D. C. Cook Nuclear Plant as a percentage of total equalized assessed value for taxing jurisdictions
Jurisdiction 1967 1973 1976 1980 1988
Berrien County 0 5.7 12.6 20.7 21.5
Lake Township 0 79.7 86.7 90.0 90.6
Bridgman School District 0 68.9 79.9 82.9 88.0
Sources: NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 4; Schuller 1990; Stockman 1990; Winslow 1990.

 

Table C.31 Distribution of property tax payments from D. C. Cook to various taxing jurisdictions/recipients in 1989
  Millage D. C. Cook's tax contributionat SEVa of $531,797,266
County, general 5.3908 $2,866,813
Lake Township, general 1.0000 531,797
Lake Michigan College 2.0414 1,085,611
Intermediate School District, general 0.1976 105,083
Intermediate School District, special education 2.4827 1,320,293
Bridgman School District 8.376 4,454,334
Lake Township sewer 2.4 1,276,313
Lake Township water 1.9 1,010,415
Senior Center 0.2314 123,058
911 special phone assistant 0.1987 105,668
Drug abuse 0.12 63,816
Total levy 24.3386 12,943,201
a SEV = state equalized value.
Sources: Millage rates, Schuller 1990; SEV for D. C. Cook Nuclear Plant, Stockman 1990.

 

Table C.32 Estimated economic effects of D. C. Cook on Bridgman/Lake Township
  1972 1978 1990
Employment
Direct basic 137 82 133
Secondary 3 8 15
Total 140 90 148
Percentage of study area employment 8.8 4.7 7.7

Income (1989 $)

Direct 6,312,000 2,878,000 4,951,000
Secondary 70,000 114,000 234,000
Total 6,382,000 2,992,000 5,185,000
Percentage of study area income 14.4 5.3 8.8
Source: For 1972 and 1978 estimates, NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 4. The 1990 estimate is based on the approach used in the Mountain West study.



Table C.33 Projected employment effects of D. C. Cook refurbishment, 2014

Area affected Bridgman/Lake Township Berrien County
Refurbishment direct employment 123 1500
Refurbishment indirect employment 29 790
Total D. C. Cook-related employment 152 2290
Percentage of study area employment 7.5 3.3
Source: ORNL staff computations based on the approach used in NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 4.



Table C.34 Projected employment and economic effects of D. C. Cook license renewal, 2013
Area affected Bridgman/Lake Township Berrien County
Existing direct and indirect plant-related employment 148 1405
Increase in direct employment 13 96
Increase in indirect employment 1 39
Total plant-related employment 162 1540
Percentage of study area total employment 8.1 1.8
Source: ORNL staff computations based on the approach used in NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 4.

 

Table C.35 Population growth associated with Diablo Canyon: San Luis Obispo County, California, 1970-1990
Year Work force Project-related in-migrant populationa County's total populationb Project-related population as % of total
  Construction Operations Total      
1970 705 0 705 1,102 105,690 1.0
1975 2,116 0 2,116 3,308 126,500 2.6
1979 1,472 0 1,472 2,473 147,718 1.7
1985 0 764 764 980 192,218 0.5
1990 0 1,300 1,300 2,149 217,162 1.0
aIncludes both direct and indirect workers and families.
bPopulation assumed to grow at a constant annual rate between known points.
Sources: NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 5, p. 89; PG&E 1990; ORNL staff computations.

 

Table C.36 Estimated plant-related population growth in San Luis Obispo County, California, 1990
Direct growth  
Number of direct workers 1300
Number of study area residents (89.2% of total) 1160
Number of in-migrants (70% of residents) 812
Number of in-migrants with families (66%) 536
Average family size x 3.32
Total in-migrants plus families 1780
Number of in-migrants without families (33%) +276
Total direct growth 2056
   
Indirect growth  
Ratio indirect/direct jobs 0.64
Number of indirect workers 832
Number of study area residents (90% of total) 749
Number of in-migrants (5.0% of residents) 37
Number of in-migrants with families (66%) 24
Average family size x 3.32
Total in-migrants plus families 80
Number of in-migrants without families (33%) +13
Total indirect growth 93
   
Total growth  
Total direct growth 2056
Total indirect growth +93
Total estimated plant-related growth 2149
Sources: Number of direct workers and percentage of study area residents from PG&E 1990. Average family size from 1990 U.S. Census of Population. Other data from NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 5; ORNL staff computations.

 

Table C.37 Projected refurbishment-related population growth in San Luis Obispo County, California, 2023
Direct growth  
Number of direct workers 2273
Number of study area residents (85% of total) 1932
Number of in-migrants (72.5% of residents) 1401
Number of in-migrants with families (61.7%) 864
Average family size x 3.32
Total in-migrants plus families 2868
Number of in-migrants without families (38.3%) +537
Total direct growth 3405
   
Indirect growth  
Ratio indirect/direct jobs 0.64
Number of indirect workers 1455
Number of study area residents (95% of total) 1310
Number of in-migrants (5.2% of residents) 68
Number of in-migrants with families (100%) 68
Average family size x 3.32
Total in-migrants plus families 226
Number of in-migrants without families (0%) +0
Total indirect growth 226
   
Total growth  
Total direct growth 3405
Total indirect growth +226
Total projected refurbishment-related growth 3631
Sources: Direct workers from SEA 1994. Average family size from 1990 U.S. Census of Population. Other data from NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 5, pp. 55-85; ORNL staff computations.

 

Table C.38 Projected plant-related population growth in San Luis Obispo County, California, during the license renewal term
Direct growth  
Number of direct workers 120
Number of study area residents (89.2% of total) 107
Number of in-migrants (70% of residents) 75
Number of in-migrants with families (66%) 50
Average family size x 3.32
Total in-migrants plus families 166
Number of in-migrants without families (33%) +25
Total direct growth 191
   
Indirect growth  
Ratio indirect/direct jobs 0.64
Number of indirect workers 77
Number of study area residents (90% of total) 69
Number of in-migrants (5.0% of residents) 3
Number of in-migrants with families (66%) 2
Average family size x 3.32
Total in-migrants plus families 7
Number of in-migrants without families (33%) +1
Total indirect growth 8
   
Total growth  
Total direct growth 191
Total indirect growth +8
Total projected refurbishment-related growth 199
Sources: Number of direct workers from NRC work force estimates (1989). Percentage of study area residents from PG&E 1990. Average family size from 1990 U.S. Census of Population. Other data from NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 5; ORNL staff computations.

 

Table C.39 County basic tax rates, property tax levies, and total county revenues for San Luis Obispo County, 1968-1989

Fiscal year

County basic tax rate (%) Est. county basic property tax levy
($ x 103)
Total county general revenues
($ x 103)
Property tax as % of total
1967-68 2.69 6,721.9 18,190.9 37.0
1969-70 2.96 7,683.7 22,066.1 34.8
1971-72 3.33 10,511.7 26,010.8 40.4
1973-74 3.16 11,408.7 30,168.5 37.8
1975-76 2.86 14,218.7 35,968.5 39.5
1977-78 2.55 17,697.7 51,152.1 34.6
1988-89 1.07 44,156.6 122,730.2 36.0
Source: County of San Luis Obispo 1989.



Table C.40 Distribution of property tax payments from Diablo Canyon, 1975, 1978, and 1988 (in dollars)
  1974-75 1977-78 1988-89
San Luis Obispo County 2,357,254 4,309,248 13,081,327
Port San Luis Harbor District 103,531 211,166 580,329
City of Pismo Beach 11,323 3,206 30,592
Special districts   3,479 524,021
County schools department 309,731 591,780 1,643,189
Atascadero Unified School District 33,348 70,615 454,024
Lucia Mar Unified School District 69,225 80,915 470,700
Paso Robles 20,584 37,884 312,187
San Luis Coastal Unified School District 2,532,841 5,866,220 14,092,286
Shandon Unified School District 690 1,001 86,735
Templeton Unified School District 4,902 7,800 87,080
Community College District 870,197 1,229,082 2,769,846
Total property taxes 6,313,626 12,412,396 34,132,316
Source: NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 5; Stillwell 1990.

 

Table C.41 San Luis Coastal Unified School District tax rate and tax income, 1969-1989
Fiscal year Tax rate (%) Local property tax income
($ x 103)
Total school district income
($ x 103)
Property tax as % of total income
1969-70 4.47 5,409.9 7,124.1 75.9
1972-73 4.68 7,500.3 9,560.8 78.4
1975-76 4.03 10,655.3 13,583.0 78.4
1977-78 3.95 15,456.7 18,836.5 82.1
1987-88 NAa 26,639.4 32,446.3 82.1
1988-89 NA 29,026.0 36,233.5 80.1
aNA = not applicable.
Sources: For 1969 through 1978 figures, NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 5. For 1987-89 values, Stillwell 1990.

 

Table C.42 Estimated economic effects of Diablo Canyon on San Luis Obispo County
1975 1978 1990
Employment
Direct basic employment 1,799 1,121 1,160
Indirect employment 1,354 920 749
Total employment 3,153 2,041 1,909
Percentage of study area employment 6.5 3.5 1.8

Income (1989 $)

Direct income 120,094,200 80,425,800 49,839,400
Indirect income 19,821,900 13,462,200 13,418,000
Total income 139,916,100 93,888,000 63,257,000
Percentage of study area income 9.1 4.7 1.7
Sources: For 1975 and 1978 estimates, NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 5. The 1990 estimate is based on the approach used in the Mountain West study.



Table C.43 Projected employment effects of Diablo Canyon refurbishment on San Luis Obispo County, 2023
Refurbishment direct employment 1932
Refurbishment indirect employment 1310
Total Diablo Canyon-related employment 3242
Percentage of San Luis Obispo County employment 1.8
Source: ORNL staff computations based on the approach used in NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 5.


Table C.44 Projected employment effects of Diablo Canyon license renewal on San Luis Obispo County, 2023
Existing direct and indirect employment 1909
Increase in direct employment 107
Increase in indirect employment 69
Total plant-related employment 2085
Percentage of San Luis Obispo County employment 1.2
Source: ORNL staff computations based on the approach used in NUREG/CR-2749, vol 5.


Table C.45 Population growth associated with Indian Point Units 2 and 3: Dutchess and Westchester counties, 1972-1990
  Work force Dutchess County Westchester County
Year Construction Operations Total Project-related in-migrant populationa County's total populationb Project-related population as % of total Project-related in-migrant populationa County's total populationb Project-related population as % of total
1972 2,400 0 2,400 390 226,673 0.17 309 888,691 0.03
1975 0 500 500 158 233,403 0.07 123 880,187 0.01
1980 0 825 825 259 245,055 0.10 189 866,599 0.02
1985 0 1,110 1,110 344 252,182 0.14 262 870,810 0.03
1990 0 1,335 1,335 415 259,462 0.16 316 874,866 0.04
aIncludes both direct and indirect workers and families.
bPopulation assumed to grow at constant annual rate between known points.
Sources: U.S. Bureau of the Census 1988; Krausharr 1990; ConEd 1990; PASNY 1990; ORNL staff computations.

 

Table C.46 Estimated construction-related population growth in Dutchess County, New York, 1972
Direct growth  
Number of direct workers 2400
Number of direct workers in Dutchess County (17.3% of total) 415
Number who in-migrated (35% of residents) 145
Number of in-migrants with families (51%) 74
Average household size x 3.25
Total in-migrants plus families 241
Number of in-migrants without families (49%) +71
Total direct growth 312
   
Indirect growth  
Ratio indirect/direct jobs 0.65
Number of indirect workers 1560
Number of study area residents (40% of total) 624
Number of in-migrants (5% of residents) 31
Number of in-migrants with families (66%) 21
Average household size x 3.25
Total in-migrants plus families 68
Number of in-migrants without families (33%) +10
Total indirect growth 78
   
Total growth  
Total direct growth 312
Total indirect growth +78
Total estimated construction-related growth 390
Sources: Number of direct workers from AEC Docket 50-247, p. IV-4. Percentage of study area residents from ConEd 1990 and PASNY 1990. Average household size from NUREG/CR-2750. Other data from construction experience at other nuclear stations; ORNL staff computations.

 

Table C.47 Estimated construction-related population growth in Westchester County, New York, 1972
Direct growth  
Number of direct workers 2400
Number of workers in Westchester County (12.7% of total) 305
Number who in-migrated (35% of residents) 107
Number of in-migrants with families (51%) 55
Average family size x 3.25
Total in-migrants plus families 179
Number of in-migrants without families (49%) +52
Total direct growth 231
   
Indirect growth  
Ratio indirect/direct jobs 0.65
Number of indirect workers 1560
Number of study area residents (40% of total) 624
Number of in-migrants (5% of residents) 31
Number of in-migrants with families (66%) 21
Average family size x 3.25
Total in-migrants plus families 68
Number of in-migrants without families (33%) +10
Total indirect growth 78
   
Total growth  
Total direct growth 231
Total indirect growth +78
Total estimated construction-related growth 309
Sources: Number of direct workers from AEC Docket 50-247, p. IV-4. Percentage of study area residents from ConEd 1990 and PASNY 1990. Average family size from NUREG/CR-2750. Other data from construction experience at other nuclear stations; ORNL staff computations.

 

Table C.48 Estimated plant-related population growth in Dutchess County, New York, 1990
Direct growth  
Number of direct workers 1335
Number of direct workers in Dutchess County
(37.8% of total)
505
Number of in-migrants (30% of residents) 152
Number of in-migrants with families (66%) 100
Average family size x 3.22
Total in-migrants plus families 322
Number of in-migrants without families (33%) +52
Total direct growth 374
   
Indirect growth  
Ratio indirect/direct jobs 0.65
Number of indirect workers 868
Number of study area residents (40% of total) 347
Number of in-migrants (5% of residents) 17
Number of in-migrants with families (66%) 11
Average family size x 3.22
Total in-migrants plus families 35
Number of in-migrants without families (33%) +6
Total indirect growth 41
   
Total growth  
Total direct growth 374
Total indirect growth +41
Total estimated plant-related growth 415
Sources: Number of direct workers and percentage of study area residents from ConEd 1990 and PASNY 1990. Average family size from 1990 U.S. Census of Population. Other data from operating experience at other nuclear stations; ORNL staff computations.

 

Table C.49 Estimated plant-related population growth in Westchester County, New York, 1990
Direct growth  
Number of direct workers 1335
Number of direct workers in Westchester County (27.8% of total) 371
Number of in-migrants (30% of residents) 111
Number of in-migrants with families (66%) 74
Average family size x 3.22
Total in-migrants plus families 238
Number of in-migrants without families (33%) +37
Total direct growth 275
   
Indirect growth  
Ratio indirect/direct jobs 0.65
Number of indirect workers 868
Number of study area residents (40% of total) 347
Number of in-migrants (5% of residents) 17
Number of in-migrants with families (66%) 11
Average family size x 3.22
Total in-migrants plus families 35
Number of in-migrants without families (33%) +6
Total indirect growth 41
   
Total growth  
Total direct growth 275
Total indirect growth +41
Total estimated plant-related growth 316
Sources: Number of direct workers and percentage of study area residents from ConEd 1990 and PASNY 1990. Average family size from 1990 U.S. Census of Population. Other data from operating experience at other nuclear stations; ORNL staff computations.

 

Table C.50 Projected refurbishment-related population growth in Dutchess County, New York, 2012
Direct growth  
Number of direct workers 2273
Number of workers projected to live in Dutchess

County (17.3% of total)

393
Number of in-migrants (35% of residents) 138
Number of in-migrants with families (51%) 70
Average family size x 3.22
Total in-migrants plus families 225
Number of in-migrants without families (49%) +68
Total direct growth 293
   
Indirect growth  
Ratio indirect/direct jobs 0.65
Number of indirect workers 1477
Number of study area residents (40% of total) 591
Number of in-migrants (5.0% of residents) 30
Number of in-migrants with families (66%) 20
Average family size 3.22
Total in-migrants plus families 64
Number of in-migrants without families (33%) +10
Total indirect growth 74
   
Total growth  
Total direct growth 293
Total indirect growth +74
Total projected refurbishment-related growth 367
Sources: Number of direct workers from SEA 1994. Average family size from 1990 U.S. Census of Population. Percentage of study area residents from ConEd 1990 and PASNY 1990. Other data from estimates concerning the construction of Indian Point and other nuclear stations; ORNL staff computations.



Table C.51 Projected refurbishment-related population growth in Westchester County, New York, 2012
Direct growth  
Number of direct workers 2273
Number of workers projected to live in Westchester County (12.7% of total) 289
Number of in-migrants (35% of residents) 101
Number of in-migrants with families (51%) 52
Average family size x 3.22
Total in-migrants plus families 167
Number of in-migrants without families (49%) +49
Total direct growth 216
   
Indirect growth  
Ratio indirect/direct jobs 0.65
Number of indirect workers 1477
Number of study area residents (40% of total) 591
Number of in-migrants (5.0% of residents) 30
Number of in-migrants with families (66%) 20
Average family size x3.22
Total in-migrants plus families 64
Number of in-migrants without families (33%) 10
Total indirect growth 74
   
Total growth  
Total direct growth 216
Total indirect growth +74
Total projected refurbishment-related growth 290
Sources: Number of direct workers from SEA 1994. Average family size from 1990 U.S. Census of Population. Percentage of study area residents from ConEd 1990 and PASNY 1990. Other data from estimates concerning the construction of Indian Point and other nuclear stations; ORNL staff computations.

 

Table C.52 Projected plant-related population growth in Dutchess County, New York, during the license renewal term
Direct growth  
Number of direct workers 120
Number of workers projected to live in Dutchess County (37.8% of total) 45
Number of in-migrants (30% of residents) 13
Number of in-migrants with families (66%) 9
Average family size x 3.22
Total in-migrants plus families 29
Number of in-migrants without families (33%) +4
Total direct growth 33
   
Indirect growth  
Ratio indirect/direct jobs 0.65
Number of indirect workers 78
Number of study area residents (40% of total) 31
Number of in-migrants (5% of residents) 2
Number of in-migrants with families (66%) 2
Average family size x 3.22
Total in-migrants plus families 6
Number of in-migrants without families (33%) +0
Total indirect growth 6
   
Total growth  
Total direct growth 33
Total indirect growth +6
Total projected plant-related growth 39
Sources: Number of direct workers from NRC work force estimates (1989). Average family size from 1990 U.S. Census of Population. Percentage of study area residents from ConEd 1990 and PASNY 1990. Other data from operations at Indian Point and other nuclear stations; ORNL staff computations.

 

Table C.53 Projected plant-related population growth in Westchester County, New York, during the license renewal term
Direct growth  
Number of direct workers 120
Number of workers projected in live in Westchester County (27.8% of total) 33
Number of in-migrants (30% of residents) 10
Number of in-migrants with families (66%) 7
Average family size x 3.22
Total in-migrants plus families 23
Number of in-migrants without families (33%) +3
Total direct growth 26
   
Indirect growth  
Ratio indirect/direct jobs 0.65
Number of indirect workers 78
Number of study area residents (40% of total) 31
Number of in-migrants (5% of residents) 2
Number of in-migrants with families (66%) 2
Average family size x 3.22
Total in-migrants plus families 6
Number of in-migrants without families (33%) +0
Total indirect growth 6
   
Total growth  
Total direct growth 26
Total indirect growth +6
Total projected plant-related growth 32
Sources: Number of direct workers from NRC work force estimates (1989). Average family size from 1990 U.S. Census of Population. Percentage of study area residents from ConEd 1990 and PASNY 1990. Average family size from U.S. Census of Population Estimates (1985). Other data from operations at Indian Point and other nuclear stations; ORNL staff computations.

 

Table C.54 Indian Point tax payments to local government (1989 dollars)
Jurisdiction 1980 1985 1989
Indian Point Unit 2
Town of Cortlandt 4,653,344 4,783,440 5,743,766a
Buchanan 1,311,318 1,211,437 1,396,344
Hendrick Hudson School District 7,934,365 7,188,180 9,086,374
Total 13,899,027 13,183,057 16,226,484
Indian Point Unit 3
Town of Cortlandt 1,698,601 408,255 81,464
Buchanan 915,226 635,389 558,480
Hendrick Hudson School District 3,349,628 1,889,939 841,712
Total 5,963,455 2,933,583 1,481,656
Total both units 19,862,482 19,993,105 17,708,140
a Indian Point Unit 2 tax to town of Cortlandt is for 1990.
Sources: Partenheimer 1990; ORNL/NUMARC survey of all utilities (see Section C.6).

 

Table C.55 Assessed value of Indian Point Units 2 and 3 as a percentage of total assessed value, 1989-1990
  Assessed value (dollars) Assessed value of Units 2 and 3 as % of jurisdiction's total
Jurisdiction Indian Point Unit 2 Indian Point Unit 3 All properties in jurisdiction  
Cortlandt 40,112,900 9,922,590 79,740,587 62.7
Hudson School

District

40,112,900 3,715,840 80,867,329 54.2
Buchanan 37,200,880 12,826,470 54,451,569 91.8
Sources: Town of Cortlandt 1990a, b; Hudson School District 1990; Jankowski 1990; Burchman 1990; Partenheimer 1990.



Table C.56 Revenue provided by Indian Point to taxing jurisdictions, 1989-1990
Taxing jurisdiction Total revenues
($ x 103)
Revenue from Indian Point
($ x 103)
Revenue from Indian Point as % of total
Cortlandt 17,740.7 5,906.7 33.3
Hudson School District 26,600.0 9,928.1 37.2
Buchanan 3,940.5 1,954.8 49.6
Sources: Town of Cortlandt 1990a; Partenheimer 1990; Burchman 1990; Jankowski 1990.

 

Table C.57 Estimated economic effects of Indian Point on Dutchess and Westchester counties, 1990
Dutchess County Westchester County
Employment
Direct basic 505 371
Indirect 500 368
Total 1,005 739
Percentage of study area employment 0.83 (est.) 0.14
Income (1989 $)
Direct 18,791,100 13,805,900
Indirect 11,307,900 8,322,700
Total 30,099,000 22,128,700
Percentage of study area income 0.38 (est.) 0.08
Source: ORNL staff computations based on the approach used in NUREG/CR-2750.

 

Table C.58 Projected employment effects of Indian Point refurbishment on Dutchess and Westchester counties, 2012
Affected area Dutchess County Westchester County
Refurbishment direct employment 393 289
Refurbishment indirect employment 591 591
Total Indian Point-related employment 984 880
Percentage of county's employment 0.5 0.2
Source: ORNL staff computations based on the approach used in NUREG/CR-2750.

 

Table C.59 Projected employment effects of Indian Point license renewal on Dutchess and Westchester counties, 2015
Affected area Dutchess County Westchester County
Existing direct and indirect plant-related employment 1005 739
Increase in direct employment 45 33
Increase in indirect employment 45 33
Total plant-related employment 1095 805
Percentage of study area employment 0.60 0.13
Source: ORNL staff computations based on the approach used in NUREG/CR-2750.

 

Table C.60 Population growth associated with the Oconee Nuclear Station: Oconee County, South Carolina, 1970-1990
  Work force Project-related in-migrant populationa County's total populationb Project-related population as % of total
Year Construction Operations Total      
1970 2,108 NAc 2,108 631 40,728 1.5
1971 2,342 NA 2,342 701 41,800 1.7
1975 0 462 462 277 43,700 0.6
1979 0 833 833 416 46,000 0.9
1985 300 900 1,200 232 51,973 0.4
1990 899 1,401 2,300 504 57,494 0.9
aIncludes both direct and indirect workers and families.
bPopulation assumed to grow at a constant annual rate between known points.
cNA = not applicable.
Sources: NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 7, p. 89; 1990 U.S. Census of Population; Duke Power Company 1990; ORNL staff computations.

 

Table C.61 Estimated plant-related population growth in Oconee County, South Carolina, 1990
Direct growth  
Number of direct workers 2300
Number of study area residents (50% of total) 1150
Number of in-migrants (16.4% of residents) 189
Number of in-migrants with families (77%) 146
Average family size x 3.16
Total in-migrants plus families 461
Number of in-migrants without families (23%) +43
Total direct growth 504
   
Indirect growth  
Ratio indirect/direct jobs 0.41
Number of indirect workers 943
Number of study area residents (100% of total) 943
Number of in-migrants (0% of residents) 0
Number of in-migrants with families 0
Average family size x 3.16
Total in-migrants plus families 0
Number of in-migrants without families +0
Total indirect growth 0
   
Total growth  
Total direct growth 504
Total indirect growth +0
Total estimated plant-related growth 504
Sources: Number of direct workers and percentage of study area residents from the Duke Power Company 1990. Average family size from 1990 U.S. Census of Population. Other data from NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 7. pp. 65-87; ORNL staff computations.

 

Table C.62 Projected refurbishment-related population growth in Oconee County, South Carolina, 2012
Direct growth  
Number of direct workers 2273
Number of study area residents (25.4% of total) 577
Number of in-migrants (50% of residents) 289
Number of in-migrants with families (33.3%) 96
Average family size x 3.16
Total in-migrants plus families 303
Number of in-migrants without families (66.6%) +193
Total direct growth 496
   
Indirect growth  
Ratio indirect/direct jobs 0.052
Number of indirect workers 118
Number of study area residents (100% of total) 118
Number of in-migrants (0% of residents) 0
Number of in-migrants with families 0
Average family size x 3.16
Total in-migrants plus families 0
Number of in-migrants without families +0
Total indirect growth 0
   
Total growth  
Total direct growth 496
Total indirect growth +0
Total projected refurbishment-related growth 496
Sources: Direct workers from SEA 1994. Average family size from 1990 U.S. Census of Population. Other data from NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 7, pp. 62-87; ORNL staff computations.

 

Table C.63 Projected plant-related population growth in Oconee County, South Carolina, during the license renewal term
Direct growth  
Number of direct workers 180
Number of study area residents (50% of total) 90
Number of in-migrants (16.4% of residents) 15
Number of in-migrants with families (77%) 12
Average family size x 3.16
Total in-migrants plus families 38
Number of in-migrants without families (0%) +3
Total direct growth 41
   
Indirect growth  
Ratio indirect/direct jobs 0.41
Number of indirect workers 74
Number of study area residents (100% of total) 74
Number of in-migrants (0% of residents) 0
Number of in-migrants with families (0%) 0
Average family size x 3.16
Total in-migrants plus families 0
Number of in-migrants without families (0%) +0
Total indirect growth 0
   
Total growth  
Total direct growth 41
Total indirect growth +0
Total projected plant-related growth 41
Sources: Direct workers from NRC work force estimates (1989). Average family size from 1990 U.S. Census of Population. Other data from NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 7, pp. 62-87; ORNL staff computations.

 

Table C.64 Oconee County property taxes (1989 dollars)
Source of revenue 1975-76 1980-81 1985-86 1989-90
County assessment 111,034,000 91,198,000 122,277,000 172,718,000
Total county property taxes 15,166,000 12,058,000 14,150,000 22,675,000
Licensee taxes 7,592,000 4,791,000 5,098,000 6,588,000
Total county revenue 30,489,000 29,915,000 35,442,000 46,329,000
Percentage of total tax revenues from licensee  50.1  39.7  36.0  29.1
Percentage of total revenues from licensee 24.9 16.0 14.4 14.2
Sources: NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 7; Oconee County 1980, 1985, and 1989, Budget Ordinances: 80-7, 85-5, and 89-3; Oconee County Independent Auditor's Report; Bridges 1990.

 

Table C.65 Estimated economic effects of Oconee Nuclear Station on Oconee County
Affected area 1971 1990
Employment
Direct basic 595 1,150
Indirect 111 948
Total 706 2,098
Percentage of county employment 3.3 6.5
Income (1989 $)
Direct 15,097,000 46,033,000
Indirect 1,424,000 17,940,000
Total 16,520,000 63,973,000
Percentage of county income 4.4 7.5
Source: For 1971, NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 7. Other estimates based on employment estimates from Section C.4.5.1 and multipliers from NUREG/CR-2749. Estimates of county employment and income used to calculate percentages are from NPA 1990.

 

Table C.66 Projected employment effects of Oconee Nuclear Station refurbishment on Oconee County, 2012
Refurbishment direct employment 577
Refurbishment indirect employment 118
Total plant-related employment 695
Percentage of Oconee County employment 1.9
Source: ORNL staff computations based on the approach used in NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 7.


Table C.67 Projected employment and economic effects of Oconee Nuclear Station license renewal on Oconee County, 2013
Existing direct and indirect plant-related employment 1150
Increase in direct employment 90
Increase in indirect employment 74
Total plant-related employment 1314
Percentage of Oconee County employment 3.6
Source: ORNL staff computations based on the approach used in NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 7.


Table C.68 Population growth associated with Three Mile Island: Londonderry Township, Middletown, and Royalton, Pennsylvania, 1970-1990
  Work force Project-related in-migrant populationa Area's total populationb Project-related population as % of total
Year Construction Operations Total      
1970 1,991 86 2,077 223 13,573 1.6
1972 2,746 126 2,872 310 14,225 2.2
1975 1,453 342 1,795 256 15,316 1.7
1979 0 565 565 110 16,243 0.7
1984 0 1,399 1,399 272 16,790 1.6
1990 0 1,086 1,086 246 14,636 1.7
a Includes both direct and indirect workers and families.
b Population assumed to grow at a constant annual rate between known points.
Sources: NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 12, p. 77; General Public Utilities Corporation 1990; ORNL staff computations.

 

Table C.69 Estimated plant-related population growth in Middletown, Royalton, and Londonderry Township, Pennsylvania, 1990
Direct growth  
Number of direct workers 1086
Number of study area residents (23% of total) 250
Number of in-migrants (22% of residents) 55
Number of in-migrants with families (100%) 55
Average family size x 3.1
Total in-migrants plus families 171
Number of in-migrants without families (0%) +0
Total direct growth 171
   
Indirect growth  
Ratio indirect/direct jobs 0.106
Number of indirect workers 115
Number of study area residents (85% of total) 98
Number of in-migrants (33.3% of residents) 33
Number of in-migrants with families (61%) 20
Average family size x 3.1
Total in-migrants plus families 62
Number of in-migrants without families (39%) +13
Total indirect growth 75
   
Total growth  
Total direct growth 171
Total indirect growth +75
Total estimated plant-related growth 246
Sources: Number of direct workers and percentage of study area residents from General Public Utilities Corporation 1990. Average family size from 1990 U.S. Census of Population. Other data from NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 12, pp. 66-78; ORNL staff computations.

 

Table C.70 Projected refurbishment-related population growth in Middletown, Royalton, and Londonderry Township, Pennsylvania, 2013
Direct growth  
Number of direct workers 2273
Number of study area residents (8.0% of total) 182
Number of in-migrants (72% of residents) 131
Number of in-migrants with families (9.0%) 12
Average family size x 3.1
Total in-migrants plus families 37
Number of in-migrants without families (91%) +119
Total direct growth 156
   
Indirect growth  
Ratio indirect/direct jobs 0.022
Number of indirect workers 50
Number of study area residents (85% of total) 43
Number of in-migrants (33% of residents) 14
Number of in-migrants with families (62%) 9
Average family size x 3.1
Total in-migrants plus families 28
Number of in-migrants without families (38%) +5
Total indirect growth 33
   
Total growth  
Total direct growth 156
Total indirect growth +33
Total projected refurbishment-related growth 189
Sources: Number of direct workers from SEA 1994. Average family size from 1990 U.S. Census of Population. Other data from NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 12, pp. 50-55, 74-76; ORNL staff computations.

 

Table C.71 Projected plant-related population growth in Middletown, Royalton, and Londonderry Township, Pennsylvania, during the license renewal term
Direct growth  
Number of direct workers 60
Number of study area residents (23% of total) 14
Number of in-migrants (22% of residents) 3
Number of in-migrants with families (100%) 3
Average household size x 3.1
Total in-migrants plus families 9
Number of in-migrants without families (0%) +0
Total direct growth 9
   
Indirect growth  
Ratio indirect/direct jobs 0.106
Number of indirect workers 6
Number of study area residents (85% of total) 5
Number of in-migrants (33.3% of residents) 2
Number of in-migrants with families (61%) 1
Average family size x 3.1
Total in-migrants plus families 3
Number of in-migrants without families (39%) +1
Total indirect growth 4
   
Total growth  
Total direct growth 9
Total indirect growth +4
Total projected plant-related growth 13
Sources: Number of direct workers from NRC work force estimates (1989). Percentage of study area residents from General Public Utilities Corporation 1990. Average family size from 1990 U.S. Census of Population. Other data from NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 12, pp. 66-78; ORNL staff computations.

 

Table C.72 Londonderry Township revenue and taxes received (total revenue in constant 1980 dollars)
Source of funds 1980 1985 1989
Real estate transfer taxes 11,189 15,931 17,780
Earned income taxes 181,858 235,599 268,818
Occupational privilege taxes 11,819 14,697 13,255
Amusement tax 0 393 139
Total taxes 204,866 266,620 299,992
Payment in lieu of taxes (PURTAa receipts) 1,988 3,390 3,723
Other revenue 70,323 60,697 180,787
Total revenue 277,177 255,178b 330,953c
aPURTA = Public Utility Realty Tax Assessment of 1970.
bActual total was $330,707; converted to 1980 $.
cActual total was $484,502; converted to 1980 $.
Source: Londonderry Township 1990.

 

Table C.73 Borough of Middletown revenue and taxes received, 1980-1988 (in dollars)
Source of funds 1980 1985 1988
Taxes and assessments 461,582 619,595 653,728
Other general revenues 1,425,752 410,952 522,498
Special revenues and other financing sources 1,157,301a 542,006 685,378
Electricity/utility sales 1,572,283 3,273,839a 4,027,375a
Total revenues 4,616,918 4,842,392 5,888,979
a Includes sewer and water service billings.
Source: Middletown Borough combined Financial Statements 1980, 1985, and 1988.

 

Table C.74 Borough of Royalton revenue and taxes received, 1980-1989 (in dollars)
Source of funds 1980 1985 1989
Real estate 15,677 15,288 18,332
Per capita taxes 2,350 2,528 2,618
Real estate       
Transfer taxes 884 1,422 3,870
Earned income taxes 24,463 27,630 42,323
Total taxes 43,374 46,868 67,143
Sales of electricity 167,216 196,135 240,293
Other revenue 41,130 49,817 191,807
Total revenue 251,720 292,820 499,243
Source: Royalton Borough 1990; Young 1990.

 

Table C.75 Traffic counts in the vicinity of Three Mile Island,a selected years
Year Route 441 at Royalton Route 230 at Geyer's Church
1963 5,900 18,500
1966 6,200 18,000
1972 10,900 12,900
1975 8,800 12,800
aCounts in both directions aggregated.
Source: NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 12, p. 113.


Table C.76 Estimated economic effects of Three Mile Island on study area
Affected area 1972 1978 1990
Employment
Direct basic 258 178 250
Indirect 1 2 98
Total 259 180 348
Percentage of study area employment 2.1 1.2 13.0
Income (1989 $)
Direct 11,809,000 4,636,000 9,208,000
Indirect 24,000 31,000 1,843,000
Total 11,833,000 4,667,000 11,051,000
Percentage of study area 2.7 2.0 17.0
Sources: For 1972 and 1978 estimates, NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 12. The 1990 estimate is based on the approach used in the Mountain West study.

 

Table C.77 Projected employment effects of Three Mile Island refurbishment on the study area, 2013
Refurbishment direct employment 182
Refurbishment indirect employment 43
Total plant-related employment 225
Percentage of study area employment 6.0
Source: ORNL staff computations based on the approach used in NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 12.


Table C.78 Projected employment effects of Three Mile Island license renewal on the study area, 2013
Existing direct and indirect employment 348
Increase in direct employment 14
Increase in indirect employment 5
Total plant-related employment 367
Percentage of study area employment 9.8
Source: ORNL staff computations based on the approach used in NUREG/CR-2749, vol. 12.


Table C.79 Population growth associated with Wolf Creek Generating Station: Coffey County, Kansas, 1984-1989
  Work force Project-related in-migrant populationa Area's populationb Project-related population as % of total
Year Construction Operations Total      
1984 5500 0 5500 2329 9001 20.5
1985 0 692 692 755 8910 8.5
1989 0 1044 1044 1137 8559 13.3
aIncludes both direct and indirect workers and families.
bPopulation assumed to change at a constant annual rate between known points; excludes refurbishment population that arrived after 1980 and left before 1990 census takings. Population in 1980 and 1990 was 9370 and 8404, respectively.
Sources: Wolf Creek Nuclear Operating Corporation 1990; other data from construction at other nuclear plants; ORNL staff computations; U.S. Bureau of the Census 1988, 1900.

 

Table C.80 Estimated construction-related population growth in Coffey County, Kansas, 1984
Direct growth  
Number of direct workers 5500
Number of study area residents (20% of total) 1100
Number of in-migrants (70% of residents) 770
Number of in-migrants with families (51%) 393
Average family size x 3.08
Total in-migrants plus families 1210
Number of in-migrants without families (44%) +377
Total direct growth 1587
   
Indirect growth  
Ratio indirect/direct jobs 0.05
Number of indirect workers 275
Number of study area residents (95% of total) 261
Number of in-migrants (55% of residents) 144
Number of in-migrants with families (66%) 95
Average family size x 3.08
Total in-migrants plus families 293
Number of in-migrants without families (33%) +49
Total indirect growth 342
   
Total growth  
Total direct growth 1587
Total indirect growth +342
Total estimated construction-related growth 2329
Sources: Number of direct workers from the Wolf Creek Nuclear Operating Corporation 1990. Average family size from 1990 U.S. Census of Population. Other data from construction-period experience at other nuclear plants; ORNL staff computations.

 

Table C.81 Estimated plant-related population growth in Coffey County, Kansas, 1989
Direct growth  
Number of direct workers 1044
Number of study area residents (50% of total) 522
Number of in-migrants (50% of residents) 261
Number of in-migrants with families (66%) 172
Average family size x 3.08
Total in-migrants plus families 530
Number of in-migrants without families (33%) +89
Total direct growth 619
   
Indirect growth  
Ratio indirect/direct jobs 0.4
Number of indirect workers 418
Number of study area residents (95% of total) 397
Number of in-migrants (55% of residents) 218
Number of in-migrants with families (66%) 144
Average family size x 3.08
Total in-migrants plus families 444
Number of in-migrants without families (33%) +74
Total indirect growth 518
   
Total growth  
Total direct growth 619
Total indirect growth +518
Total estimated plant-related growth 1137
Sources: Number of direct workers and percentage of study area residents from the Wolf Creek Nuclear Operating Corporation 1990. Average family size from 1990 U.S. Census of Population. Other data from operations period experience at other nuclear plants; ORNL staff computations.

 

Table C.82 Projected refurbishment-related population growth in Coffey County, Kansas, 2024
Direct growth  
Number of direct workers 2273
Number of study area residents (20% of total) 455
Number of in-migrants (70% of residents) 319
Number of in-migrants with families (51%) 163
Average family size x 3.08
Total in-migrants plus families 502
Number of in-migrants without families (49%) +156
Total direct growth 658
   
Indirect growth  
Ratio indirect/direct jobs 0.05
Number of indirect workers 114
Number of study area residents (95% of total) 108
Number of in-migrants (55% of residents) 59
Number of in-migrants with families (66%) 39
Average family size x 3.08
Total in-migrants plus families 120
Number of in-migrants without families (33%) +20
Total indirect growth 140
   
Total growth  
Total direct growth 658
Total indirect growth +140
Total projected refurbishment-related growth 798
Sources: Number of direct workers from SEA 1994. Average family size from 1990 U.S. Census of Population. Other data from construction period experience at other nuclear plants; ORNL staff computations.

 

Table C.83 Projected plant-related population growth in Coffey County, Kansas, during the license renewal term
Direct growth  
Number of direct workers 60
Number of study area residents (50% of total) 30
Number of in-migrants (50% of residents) 15
Number of in-migrants with families (66%) 10
Average family size x 3.08
Total in-migrants plus families 31
Number of in-migrants without families (33%) +5
Total direct growth 36
   
Indirect growth  
Ratio indirect/direct jobs 0.4
Number of indirect workers 24
Number of study area residents (95% of total) 23
Number of in-migrants (55% of residents) 13
Number of in-migrants with families (66%) 9
Average family size x 3.08
Total in-migrants plus families 28
Number of in-migrants without families (33%) +4
Total indirect growth 32
   
Total growth  
Total direct growth 36
Total indirect growth +32
Total projected plant-related growth 68
Sources: Number of direct workers from NRC work force estimates (1989). Percentage of study area residents from the Wolf Creek Nuclear Operating Corporation 1990. Average family size from 1990 U.S. Census of Population. Other data from operations period experience at other nuclear plants; ORNL staff computations.

 

Table C.84 Increases in rental rates and housing values, Coffey County and state of Kansas, 1970 and 1980 (in dollars)
  Coffey County State of Kansas
Rental rates
1970 46 75
1980 156 168
Percentage change 239 124
Housing values
1970 6,300 12,100
1980 24,300 37,800
Percentage change 286 212
Sources: For 1970, U.S. Bureau of the Census 1972; for 1980, U.S. Bureau of the Census 1982.

 

Table C.85 Taxes paid by Wolf Creek Generating Station, 1980-1989 (constant 1989 dollars)
Jurisdiction 1980 1985 1989
State of Kansas 268,004 732,610 729,602
Coffey County 3,249,980 9,869,732 14,061,868
Burlington School District 3,557,468 7,117,846 7,102,472
Source: ORNL/NUMARC survey of all utilities (see Section C.6).

 

Table C.86 Estimated economic effects of Wolf Creek Generating Station on Coffey County, 1989
Employment
Direct basic 522
Indirect 397
Total plant-related 919
Percentage of Coffey County employment 17.5
Income (1989 $)
Direct 27,601,000
Indirect 9,752,000
Total plant-related 37,352,000
Percentage of Coffey County income 22.5
Source: ORNL staff computations based on approach used in NUREG/CR-2750.

 

Table C.87 Projected employment effects of Wolf Creek Generating Station refurbishment on Coffey County, 2024
Refurbishment direct employment 455
Refurbishment indirect employment 108
Total plant-related employment 563
Percentage of Coffey County employment 6.8
Source: ORNL staff computations based on approach used in NUREG/CR-2750.


Table C.88 Projected employment effects of Wolf Creek Generating Station license renewal on Coffey County, 2025
Existing direct and indirect employment 522
Increase in direct employment 30
Increase in indirect employment 23
Total plant-related employment 575
Percentage of Coffey County employment 7.1
Source: ORNL staff computations based on approach used in NUREG/CR-2750.
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