Resolution of Generic Safety Issues: Item B-68: Pump Overspeed During LOCA ( NUREG-0933, Main Report with Supplements 1–34 )
This NUREG-04713 item, as presently formulated, involves the conduct of analytical and experimental work to determine whether or not destructive overspeeds could be attained and to determine if corrective actions are necessary. A potential exists for BWR recirculation pumps or PWR primary coolant pumps to overspeed during a LOCA. The evaluation of this item includes the consideration of Item A-32.
The potential consequences are from missile damage to systems necessary to mitigate the consequences of the existing LOCA.
A possible solution would be to construct a missile barrier around each pump.
Assume that a LOCA exists in the form of a double-ended pipe break near the discharge of the pump. Assume that the most damaging pump-generated missile would be from fragmentation of the pump flywheel. This assumption implies that other possible missiles, such as motor winding, pump shaft, etc., have either a much lower probability of occurrence or a much lower mass than the pump flywheel, resulting in a much lower probability of damage. This assumption, then, limits the issue to PWRs.
In Section 5.3.5 of WASH-1400,16 Appendix IV, a detailed scenario for PWR primary coolant pump flywheel missile events is presented. The frequency estimates used here are those of WASH-140016 and are as follows:
(1) Frequency of a PWR large LOCA is 10-4/RY
(2) Fraction of vulnerable safety-related piping to total piping = 0.13
(3) Probability of pump overspeed is 1.0
(4) Probability of flywheel fracture at overspeed is 1.0
(5) Fraction of area around overspeeding pump where missile impact could lead to unacceptable damages = 0.1.
Therefore, the total frequency (F) of the above scenario is given by,
F = (10-4)(1.3 x 10-1)(1.0)(1.0)(10-1)/RY = 1.3 x 10-6/RY
For the type of accident scenario postulated in the WASH-140016 report, the Probabilistic Analysis Staff predicted a PWR Category 7 release.
Consequences for a PWR-7 release category are expressed in man-rem. The total whole-body man-rem dose is obtained by using the CRAC Code64 for the particular release category. The calculations assume a uniform population density of 340 people per square mile (which is average for U.S. domestic sites) and a typical (midwest plain) meteorology. For a PWR-7 event, D = 2.3 x 103 man-rem.
Industry Cost: The cost of designing and installing missile barriers around pumps
NRC Cost: Two staff-years will be required to review basic barrier design and inspect the construction of the barrier. This cost is estimated to be $160,000 and is negligible in comparison with the industry cost for implementing the change on more than 70 reactors.
Therefore, the total cost for the solution to this issue is $(70 x 0.5)M or $35M.
Based on a total risk reduction of 6.3 man-rem for 70 PWRs, the value/impact score is given by:
There are uncertainties in the estimates of accident frequencies, consequences, and cost used in the value/impact score equation. However, these uncertainties would have to be in error by more than 2 orders of magnitude before the above assessment is affected.
This issue is of such small safety significance and low risk reduction value relative to its potential cost that the priority ranking is low and, therefore, it should be DROPPED from further consideration.