United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission - Protecting People and the Environment

Nuclear Fuel Cycle Facility Accident Analysis Handbook (NUREG/CR-6410)

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Publication Information

Manuscript Completed: March 1998
Date Published:
March 1998

Prepared by:
Science Applications International Corporation
11251 Roger Bacon Drive
Reston, Virginia 20190

Prepared for:
Division of Fuel Cycle Safety and Safeguards
Office of Nuclear Material Safety and Safeguards
U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission
Washington, DC 20555-0001

NRC Job Code J5074

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Abstract

The purpose of this Handbook is to provide guidance on how to calculate the characteristics of releases of radioactive materials and/or hazardous chemicals from nonreactor nuclear facilities. In addition, the Handbook provides guidance on how to calculate the consequences of those releases. There are four major chapters: Hazard Evaluation and Scenario Development; Source Term Determination; Transport Within Containment/Confinement; and Atmospheric Dispersion and Consequence Modeling. These chapters are supported by Appendices, including: a summary of chemical and nuclear information that contains descriptions of various fuel cycle facilities; details on how to calculate the characteristics of source terms for releases of hazardous chemicals; a comparison of NRC, EPA, and OSHA programs that address chemical safety; a summary of the performance of HEPA and other filters; and a discussion of uncertainties. Several sample problems are presented: a free-fall spill of powder; an explosion with radioactive release; a fire with radioactive release; filter failure; hydrogen fluoride release from a tankcar; a uranium hexafluoride cylinder rupture; a liquid spill in a vitrification plant; and a criticality incident. Finally, this Handbook includes a computer model, LPF#1B, that is intended for use in calculating Leak Path Factors. A list of contributors to the Handbook is presented in Chapter 6.

Page Last Reviewed/Updated Monday, December 02, 2013