United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission - Protecting People and the Environment

Reactor Oversight Process (NUREG/BR-0508)

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Publication Information

Date Published: March 2013

U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission
Washington, DC 20555-0001


The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission’s (NRC’s) Reactor Oversight Process (ROP) is the agency’s program to inspect, measure, and assess the safety and security performance of commercial nuclear power plants. It also responds to any decline in performance. The ROP contributes to the NRC’s mission of ensuring public health and safety during the operation of commercial nuclear power plants by monitoring plant performance in three key areas:

  • Reactor Safety: avoiding accidents and reducing the consequences of accidents if they occur
  • Radiation Safety: protecting both plant workers and the public from unnecessary radiation exposure during routine operations
  • Safeguards: protecting the plant against sabotage or other security threats
Page Last Reviewed/Updated Thursday, April 28, 2016