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Summary of FFD Program Performance Reports for 1998

Since the fitness-for-duty (FFD) rule (10 CFR Part 26) was published, licensees have submitted program performance reports to the NRC as required by 10 CFR 26.71(d). In the past, the NRC published a summary and analysis of calendar year data submitted by the licensees in an annual volume of NUREG/CR-5758, "Fitness for Duty in the Nuclear Power Industry - Annual Summary of Program Performance Reports." The tables below provide the information for calendar year 1998 and summarize date from 1990 to 1998.

Table 1 - Test results for each test category, 1998


TEST CATEGORY

NUMBER OF TESTS
1998
POSITIVE TESTS
PERCENT
POSITIVE
Pre-Access 69,146 822 1.19%
Random 56,969 157 0.28%
For-Cause 720 100 13.89%
Follow-Up 2,863 43 1.50%
Other 1,929 32 1.66%
TOTAL 131,627 1,154 0.88%
TOTAL without OTHER Category

129,698


1,122


0.87%

Table 2 - 1998 Test results for each test category and work category

(January through December 1998)

TEST CATEGORY LICENSEE EMPLOYEES LONG-TERM CONTRACTORS SHORT-TERM CONTRACTORS TOTAL
Pre-Access



Number Tested 9,422 1,368 58,356 69,146
Number Positive 50 12 760 822
Percent Positive 0.53% 0.88% 1.30% 1.19%
Random



Number Tested 40,415 1,859 14,695 56,969
Number Positive 71 9 77 157
Percent Positive 0.18% 0.48% 0.52% 0.28%
For-Cause



Number Tested 327 16 377 720
Number Positive 27 1 72 100
Percent Positive 8.26% 6.25% 19.10% 13.89%
Follow-Up



Number Tested 1,762 41 1,060 2,863
Number Positive 21 0 22 43
Percent Positive 1.19% 0.00% 2.08% 1.50%
Other



Number Tested 752 192 985 1,929
Number Positive 6 1 25 32
Percent Positive 0.80% 0.52% 2.54% 1.66%
TOTAL



Number Tested 52,678 3,476 75,473 131,627
Number Positive 175 23 956 1,154
Percent Positive 0.33% 0.66% 1.27% 0.88%
TOTAL without OTHER Category



Number Tested 51,926 3,284 74,488 129,698
Number Positive 169 22 931 1,122
Percent Positive 0.33% 0.67% 1.25% 0.87%

Table 3 -1998 Test results by test category

(January through December 1998)

TEST
CATEGORY
FIRST
SIX MONTHS
SECOND
SIX MONTHS

YEAR
Pre-Access


Number Tested 35,455 33,691 69,146
Number Positive 433 389 822
Percent Positive 1.22% 1.15% 1.19%
Random


Number Tested 29,251 27,718 56,969
Number Positive 80 77 157
Percent Positive 0.27% 0.28% 0.28%
For-Cause


Observed Behavior


Number Tested 213 242 455
Number Positive 49 48 97
Percent Positive 23.00% 19.83% 21.32%
Post-Accident


Number Tested 176 89 265
Number Positive 2 1 3
Percent Positive 1.14% 1.12% 1.13%
Follow-Up


Number Tested 1,451 1,412 2,863
Number Positive 18 25 43
Percent Positive 1.24% 1.77% 1.50%
Other


Number Tested 1,034 895 1,929
Number Positive 19 13 32
Percent Positive 1.84% 1.45% 1.66%
TOTAL


Number Tested 67,580 64,047 131,627
Number Positive 601 553 1,154
Percent Positive 0.89% 0.86% 0.88%
TOTAL without OTHER Category


Number Tested 66,546 63,152 129,698
Number Positive 582 540 1,122
Percent Positive 0.87% 0.86% 0.87%

Table 4 - 1998 Test results for licensee employees and contractor personnel

(January through December 1998)


LICENSEE
EMPLOYEES
CONTRACTORS
(Long-Term/Short Term)
TEST CATEGORY First Six Months Second Six Months Year First Six Months Second Six Months Year
Pre-Access





Number Tested 5,141 4,281 9,422 30,314 29,410 59,724
Number Positive 25 25 50 408 364 772
Percent Positive 0.49% 0.58% 0.53% 1.35% 1.24% 1.29%
Random





Number Tested 20,891 19,524 40,415 8,360 8,194 16,554
Number Positive 41 30 71 39 47 86
Percent Positive 0.20% 0.15% 0.18% 0.47% 0.57% 0.52%
For-Cause





Observed Behavior





Number Tested 95 90 185 118 152 270
Number Positive 13 13 26 36 35 71
Percent Positive 13.68% 14.44% 14.05% 30.51% 23.03% 26.30%
Post-Accident





Number Tested 92 50 142 84 39 123
Number Positive 0 1 1 2 0 2
Percent Positive 0.00% 2.00% 0.70% 2.38% 0.00% 1.63%
Follow-Up





Number Tested 867 895 1,762 584 517 1,101
Number Positive 9 12 21 9 13 22
Percent Positive 1.04% 1.34% 1.19% 1.54% 2.51% 2.00%
Other
Number Tested 416 336 752 618 559 1,177
Number Positive 2 4 6 17 9 26
Percent Positive 0.48% 1.19% 0.80% 2.75% 1.61% 2.21%
TOTAL





Number Tested 27,502 25,176 52,678 40,078 38,871 78,949
Number Positive 90 85 175 511 468 979
Percent Positive 0.33% 0.34% 0.33% 1.28% 1.20% 1.24%
TOTAL without OTHER Category





Number Tested 27,086 24,840 51,926 39,460 38,312 77,772
Number Positive 88 81 169 494 459 953
Percent Positive 0.32% 0.33% 0.33% 1.25% 1.20% 1.23%

Table 5 - 1998 Test results for long-term and short-term contractor personnel

(January through December 1998)


LONG-TERM CONTRACTORS SHORT-TERM CONTRACTORS
TEST CATEGORY First Six Months Second Six Months Year First Six Months Second Six Months Year
Pre-Access





Number Tested 698 670 1,368 29,616 28,740 58,356
Number Positive 4 8 12 404 356 760
Percent Positive 0.57% 1.19% 0.88% 1.36% 1.24% 1.30%
Random





Number Tested 973 886 1,859 7,387 7,308 14,695
Number Positive 8 1 9 31 46 77
Percent Positive 0.82% 0.11% 0.48% 0.42% 0.63% 0.52%
For-Cause





Observed Behavior





Number Tested 3 6 9 115 146 261
Number Positive 1 0 1 35 35 70
Percent Positive 33.33% 0.00% 11.11% 30.43% 23.97% 26.82%
Post-Accident





Number Tested 3 4 7 81 35 116
Number Positive 0 0 0 2 0 2
Percent Positive 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 2.47% 0.00% 1.72%
Follow-Up





Number Tested 24 17 41 560 500 1,060
Number Positive 0 0 0 9 13 22
Percent Positive 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 1.61% 2.60% 2.08%
Other





Number Tested 88 104 192 530 455 985
Number Positive 1 0 1 16 9 25
Percent Positive 1.14% 0.00% 0.52% 3.02% 1.98% 2.54%
TOTAL





Number Tested 1,789 1,687 3,476 38,289 37,184 75,473
Number Positive 14 9 23 497 459 956
Percent Positive 0.78% 0.53% 0.66% 1.30% 1.23% 1.27%
TOTAL without OTHER Category





Number Tested 1,701 1,583 3,284 37,759 36,729 74,488
Number Positive 13 9 22 481 450 931
Percent Positive 0.76% 0.57% 0.67% 1.27% 1.23% 1.25%

Table 6 - 1998 Number of confirmed positives by substance

(January through December 1998)


FIRST
SIX MONTHS
SECOND
SIX MONTHS

TOTAL
TYPE OF SUBSTANCE Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
Marijuana 327 53.34% 279 51.67% 606 52.56%
Cocaine 137 22.35% 132 24.44% 269 23.33%
Opiates 13 2.12% 6 1.11% 19 1.65%
Amphetamines 32 5.22% 14 2.59% 46 3.99%
Phencyclidine 1 0.16% 0 0.00% 1 0.09%
Alcohol 103 16.80% 109 20.19% 212 18.39%
TOTAL 613
540
1153

Table 7 - 1998 Confirmed positives test results by substance for each worker category

(January through December 1998)


LICENSEE
EMPLOYEES
CONTRACTORS
(Long-Term/Short-Term)
TYPE OF SUBSTANCE Number Percent Number Percent
Marijuana 78 43.58% 528 54.21%
Cocaine 41 22.91% 228 23.41%
Opiates 3 1.68% 16 1.64%
Amphetamines 6 3.35% 40 4.11%
Phencyclidine 0 0.00% 1 0.10%
Alcohol 51 28.49% 161 16.53%
TOTAL 179
974

Table 8 - Significant* fitness-for-duty events (1990-1998)

Type of Event 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Total
Reactor Operators 19 16 18 8 7 8 8 9 5 98
Licensee Supervisors 26 16 22 25 11 16 19 16 10 161
Contract Supervisors 12 24 28 16 11 10 8 10 10 129
FFD Program Personnel 1 5 0 0 1 0 2 0 3 12
Substances Found 6 8 6 2 0 5 5 4 0 36
Total 64 69 74 51 30 39 42 39 28 436

*Subsection 73 of 10 CFR Part 26 requires reporting units to provide the NRC with information on significant FFD events, such as events involving licensed operators and supervisors, and on controlled substances found in the protected area of the plant.

Table 9 - Trends in testing by test type (1990-1998)

Type of Test 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Total
Pre-Access









Number 122,491 104,508 104,842 91,471 80,217 79,305 81,041 84,320 69,146 817,341
Number 1,548 983 1,110 952 977 1,122 1,132 1,096 822 9,742
Percent 1.26% 0.94% 1.06% 1.04% 1.22% 1.41% 1.40% 1.30% 1.19% 1.19%
Random









Number 148,743 153,818 156,730 146,605 78,391 66,791 62,307 60,829 56,969 931,183
Number 550 510 461 341 223 180 202 172 157 2,796
Percent 0.37% 0.33% 0.29% 0.23% 0.28% 0.27% 0.32% 0.28% 0.28% 0.30%
For-Cause









Number 732 727 696 751 758 763 848 722 720 6,717
Number 214 167 178 163 122 139 138 149 100 1,370
Percent 29.23% 22.97% 25.57% 21.70% 16.09% 18.22% 16.27% 20.64% 13.89% 20.40%
Follow-Up









Number 2,633 3,544 4,283 4,139 3,875 3,262 3,262 3,296 2,863 31,157
Number 65 62 69 56 50 35 40 31 43 451
Percent 2.47% 1.75% 1.61% 1.35% 1.29% 1.07% 1.23% 0.94% 1.50% 1.45%
Other









Number 3,610 3,228 4,998 2,511 2,125 2,778 2,082 1,928 1,929 25,189
Number 32 22 59 36 22 55 37 36 32 331
Percent 0.89% 0.68% 1.18% 1.43% 1.04% 1.98% 1.78% 1.87% 1.66% 1.31%
TOTAL









Number 278,209 265,825 271,549 245,477 165,366 152,899 149,540 151,095 131,627 1,811,587
Number 2,409 1,744 1,877 1,548 1,394 1,531 1,549 1,484 1,154 14,690
Percent 0.87% 0.66% 0.69% 0.63% 0.84% 1.00% 1.04% 0.98% 0.88% 0.81%
TOTAL without OTHER Category









Number 274,599 262,597 266,551 242,966 163,241 150,121 147,458 149,167 129,698 1,786,398
Number 2,377 1,722 1,818 1,512 1,372 1,476 1,512 1,448 1,122 14,359
Percent 0.87% 0.66% 0.68% 0.62% 0.84% 0.98% 1.03% 0.97% 0.87% 0.80%

Table 10 - Trends in substances identified (1990-1998)

Substance 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Marijuana 1,153 746 953 781 739 819 868 842 606
Cocaine 706 549 470 369 344 374 352 336 269
Alcohol 452 401 427 357 251 265 281 262 212
Amphetamines 69 31 31 51 54 61 53 49 46
Opiates 45 24 8 13 11 17 14 39 19
Phencyclidine 8 11 4 5 1 7 2 0 1
Total* 2,433 1,762 1,893 1,576 1,400 1,543 1,570 1,528 1,153

* These totals do not equal the total number of positives for each year due to positives for multiple substances and other substances than those listed above.

Table 11 - Trends in positive test rates for workers with unescorted access (1990-1998)*

Year
Positive Test Rate
1990 0.54%
1991 0.47%
1992 0.44%
1993 0.37%
1994 0.48%
1995 0.50%
1996 0.57%
1997 0.54%
1998 0.50%

* Includes random, for-cause, and follow-up testing results. The reduction in random test rate from 100% to 50% has been in effect since 1994.

Page Last Reviewed/Updated Tuesday, February 25, 2014