United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission - Protecting People and the Environment

U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission

Question 5: Who is responsible for regulating radium - the

State or NRC?

Answer: The NRC regulates radium when it is in

NRC-licensed uranium or thorium ores (source material, as

defined in Part 20) or in tailings or wastes from

processing these ores (byproduct material, as defined in

Part 20). The control of radium that may be incidental to

NRC-licensed operations is evaluated by NRC as required by

NEPA. Releases of radium from a site, other than from

NRC-licensed material (ores or tailings), may be required

to meet State release limits. Also, an NRC licensee may be

required to get a State license for the radium in

naturally-occurring radioactive material (NORM) if the

State requires a license for the use and possession of this

material. (References: 10 CFR 20.1001, 10 CFR 20.1002, 10

CFR 20.1003)

Page Last Reviewed/Updated Thursday, March 29, 2012